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Lighthouse Slide Show

An Alphabetical Listing of Lighthouse Files Held by the Historian's Office

An Alphabetical Listing of Lighthouse Files Held by the Historian's Office
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Abagadasset Point Range Light (ME)

Absecon Light (NJ)

Admiralty Head Light (WA)

Aguadilla Light (PR)

Ahukini Breakwater (HI)

Alactraz Light (CA)

Alia Point (HI)

Algoma Light (WI)

Alki Point Light Station (WA)

Alligator Reef (FL)

Alpena Light (MI)

Althorp Rock (AK)

Ambrose Tower Light (NY)

Amelia Island Light (FL)

American Shoal Light (FL)

Amite River (LA)

Anacapa Island Light (CA)

Anacortes Light (WA)

Anastasia Island Light (FL)

Anchor Point (AK)

Anclote Key Light (FL)

Angel Island Light (CA)

Angle Point (AK)

Annisquam Harbor Light (MA)

Ano Nuevo (CA)

Apalachicola Light (FL)

Apostle Islands Light (WI)

Aransas Pass Light (TX)

Arecibo Light (PR)

Arlington Cut Range Light (FL)

Arnold Point Range Light (MD)

Ashcroft Light (OH)

Ashland Breakwater Light (WI)

Ashtabula Harbor Light (OH)

Assateague Island Light (VA)

Asusak Island Light Atchafalaya (LA)

Atlantic Highlands Breakwater Light (NJ)

Aunt Phebe Rock Light (NY)

Au Sable Light (MI)

Avery Point Light (CT)

Avery Rock Light (ME)

 

Back River Light (VA)

Baily Creek Flats (VA)

Baileys Harbor Light (WI)

Baker Shoal Range (DE)

Bakers Island Light (MA)

Bakers Island Light (ME)

Bald Head Light (NC)

Baliz (LA)

Ballast Point (CA)

Baltimore Light (MD)

Baranofs Castle (AK)

Barataria Bay (LA)

Barbers Point Light (HI)

Barnegat Light (NJ)

Bass Harbor Light (ME)

Bass River (MA)

Battery Gladden (AL)

Battery Point (CA)

Bay Furnace Light (MI)

Bayfield Light (WI)

Bayou Andre Light (LA)

Bayou Bonfouca (LA)

Bayou Rigolettes (LA)

Bayou St. John (LA)

Bear Island Light (ME)

Beaver Head Light (IL)

Beaver Island Light (MI)

Beavertail Light (RI)

Belhaven (NC)

Belle Isle Light (MI)

Bellevue Range Rear Light (DE)

Bells Rock Light (VA)

Bergen Point Light (NJ)

Big Bay Point Light (MI)

Big Sable Light (MI)

Billingsgate Light (MA)

Biloxi Light (MS)

Bird Island Light (MA)

Bishop & Clerks Light (MA)

Black Rock Light (RI)

Blakistone Island Light (MD)

Bligh Reef Light (AK)

Block Island Light (RI)

Block Island North Light (RI)

Block Island Southeast Light (RI)

Bloody Point Bar Light (MD)

Bloody Point Range Light (SC)

Blue Hill Bay Light (ME)

Bluff Point Light (NY)

Bluff Shoal Light (NC)

Boca Grande Rear Range (FL)

Bodie Island (NC)

Bois Blanc Light (MI)

Boliver Point Light (TX)

Bodkin Rock Light (CT)

Bonfouca Light (LA)

Boon Island (ME)

Boothbay Harbor (ME)

Borden Flats Light (MA)

Boston Light (MA)

Braddock Point Light (NY)

Brandywine Shoal Light (DE)

Brant Island Shoal Light (NC)

Brant Point Light (MA)

Brazos River (TX)

Brazos Santiago Light (TX)

Breakers Point Light (HI)

Brenton Reef Offshore Light (RI)

Brewerton Channel Range Light (VA)

Bridgeport Breakwater Light (CT)

Bridgeport Harbor Light (CT)

Bristol Ferry Light (RI)

Browns Head Light (ME)

Browns Head Light (ME)

Bryant Point Light (MA)

Buck Island Light (VI)

Buffalo Light (NY)

Bullocks Point Light (RI)

Burlington Bank (NJ)

Burlington Light (VT)

Burnt Coat Harbor Light (ME)

Burnt Island Light (ME)

Burrows Island Light (WA)

Busby Island Light (AK)

Butler Flats Light (MA)

Buzzards Bay Light (MA)

 

Cabeza de San Juan (PR)

Cabo Rojo (PR)

Cabo San Juan (PR)

Cabras Island Light (PR)

Calcasieu River (LA)

Calumet Harbor (IL)

Cana Island (WI)

Canton Island Boat Channel Light (Kiribati)

Canton Island (Phoenix Islands) Cape Ann (MA)

Cape Arago Light (OR)

Cape Blanco Light (OR)

Cape Canaveral (FL)

Cape Chacon (AK)

Cape Cod Canal (MA)

Cape Cod Light (MA)

Cape Decision (AK)

Cape Disappointment (WA)

Cape Edgecombe (AK)

Cape Elizabeth (ME)

Cape Espenberg (AK)

Cape Fear (NC)

Cape Flattery (WA)

Cape Florida (FL)

Cape Hatteras (NC)

Cape Hanamanioa (HI)

Cape Henlopen (DE)

Cape Henry (WA)

Cape Hinchinbrook (AL)

 Cape Horn Lights (?)

Cape Kumukahi (HI)

Cape Lookout (NC)

Cape Lynch Light (AK)

Cape Mala (CZ)

Cape May (NJ)

Cape Mendocino (CA)

Cape Neddick (ME)

Cape Meares (OR)

Cape Pogue (MA)

Cape Rojo (PR)

Cape Romain (SC)

Cape Romano (FL)

Cape St. Elias (AK)

Cape St. George (FL)

Cape San Blas (FL)

Cape San Juan (PR)

Cape Sarichef (AK)

Cape Spartel (Morocco)

Cape Spencer (AK)

Cape Vincent (NY)

Cardona Island (PR)

Carleton Island (NY)

Carquinez Strait (CA)

Carrabelle (FL)

Carysfort Reef (FL)

Castle Hill (RI)

Castle Rocks (MA)

Cat Island (MS)

Cattle Point (WA)

Cedar Keys (FL)

Cedar Point (MI)

Chambers Island (WI)

Chandeleur (LA)

Channel Island Light (?)

Chapel Hill (NJ)

Chapin Island Range (AK)

Charleston (SC)

Charlevoix (MI)

Charlotte Amalie (VI)

Charlotte Harbor (FL)

Chatham Light (MA)

Cheboygan River (MI)

Chefuncte River (see Tchefuncte)

Cherry Island (DE)

Chesapeake (VA)

Chesapeake & Delaware Canal (MD/DE)

Chester Range (PA)

Chetco River Light (OR)

Chicago Harbor (IL)

Choctaw Point (AL)

Choptank River (MD)

Christiana North Jetty (DE)

Clark’s Point Light (MA)

Cleveland (OH)

Cleveland Ledge (OH)

Clinton River (MI)

Clopper’s Bar (TX)

Cobb Point Bar (MD)

Cockspur Light (GA)

Coconut Point (HI)

Cohansey (NJ)

Colchester Reef (VT)

Cold Spring Harbor (NY)

Columbia River Lights (OR)

Colvos Passage (WA)

Coney Island (NY)

Conanicut (RI)

Concord Point (MD)

Conimicut (RI)

Conover (NJ)

Conneaut (OH)

Coos Bay (OR)

Copper Harbor (MI)

Coquille (OR)

Corpus Christi (TX)

Cosgrove Shoal Light (FL)

Cottonwood Island (OR)

Courthouse Point (MD)

Cove Point (MD)

Coxsackie (NY)

Crabtree Ledge (ME)

Craighill Channel (MD)

Cranberry Island (NS)

Craney Island (VA)

Crescent City (CA)

Crisp Point (MI)

Croatan Shoal (NC)

Crooked River (FL)

Cross Ledge Light (NJ)

Cubits Gap (LA)

Cuckolds Light (ME)

Culebrita Island (PR)

Cumberland Head (NY)

Currituck Beach (NC)

Curtis Island (ME)

Cuttyhunk (MA)

 

Dames Point (FL)

Danskammar (NY)

Daufuskie Island (SC)

Deepwater Point Range (NJ)

Deepwater Shoals (VA)

Deer Island (MA)

Deer Island Thorofare (ME)

Delaware Breakwater (DE)

Delaware Breakwater Front Range (DE)

Derby Wharf (MA)

Desdemona Sands (OR)

Destruction Island (WA)

DeTour Reef (MI)

Detroit River (MI)

Devil’s Island (WI)

Dewey Rocks Light (AK)

Diamond Head (HI)

Diamond Island Ledge Light (ME)

Diamond Shoal (NC)

Dice Head (ME)

Dofflemeyer Point (WA)

Dog Island (FL)

Doubling Point (ME)

Drum Point (MD)

Drummond Island (MI)

Dry Spruce Island Rock (AK)

Dry Tortugas (FL)

Duck Island Range (MI)

Duck Point Light (?)

Duluth Northern Pier Light (MN)

Duluth Southern Breakwater (MN)

Dumpling Rock (MA)

Dunkirk (NY)

Dunlap Reef N.W. End Light (WI)

Dutch Island (RI)

Duxbury Pier (MA)

 

Eagle Bluff (WI)

Eagle Harbor (MI)

Eagle Island (ME)

East Brother Island (CA)

East Charity Shoal (NY)

East Chop (MA)

East Chugach (AK)

East Foreland (AK)

East Pascagoula (MS)

East Rigolets (LA)

East & West Shoal (TX)

Eastern Entrance (MA)

Eastern Point (MA)

Eaton’s Neck (NY)

Eddystone (England)

Edgartown (MA)

Ediz Hook (WA)

Egg Island (NJ)

Egg Rock (ME)

Egg Rock (MA)

Egmont Key (FL)

Elbow of Cross Ledge (NJ)

Eldred Rock (AK)

Elizabeth Island (Bahamas)

Elfin Cove (AK)

Ellis Island (NY)

Elm Tree Range (NY)

Emms Rock (ME)

Enderbury Island (South Pacific)

Erie Point (PA)

Escanaba (MI)

Esopus Meadow (MA)

Eureka Pass Daybeacon (AK)

Execution Rocks (NY)
 

Fair Haven (NY)

Fairhaven Bridge (MA)

Fairport (OH)

Fairway Island (AK)

Falmouth Inner Harbor (MA)

False Point Daybeacon (?)

Farallon (CA)

Farmers Ridges Range (MI)

Father Point (CA)

Faulkner’s Island (CT)

Fenwick Island (DE)

Finns Point (PA)

Fire Island (NY)

Fisherman’s Point (Cuba)

Fisher’s Island (CT)

Fishing Battery (MD)

Five Fingers (AK)

Five Mile Island Light (CT)

Flag Island (MN)

Fleets Bay Light (VA)

Fletcher’s Neck (ME)

Foot Bank (?)

Foreign Light Stations

Foremost Rock Daybeacon (?)

Fort Adams (RI)

Fort Barrancas (FL)

Fort Carroll (MD)

Fort Delaware (DE)

Fort Foote Wharf (MD)

Fort Gratiot (WI)

Fort Jackson Range (GA)

Fort Jefferson (FL)

Fort Lafayette (NY)

Fort Louisa Augusta (VI)

Fort McCree (FL)

For Mifflin (PA)

Fort Niagara (NY)

Fort Point (CA)

Fort Point (ME)

Fort Point (TX)

Fort Pickering (MA)

Fort Ripley Shoal (SC)

Fort Scammel Point (ME)

Fort Sumter (SC)

Fort Tompkins (NY)

Fort Wadsworth (NY)

Fort Washington (NY)

Fort Wood (CT)

Found Island Rock Daybeacon (?)

Four Mile Crib (IL)

Fourteen Foot Bank (DE)

Fourteen Foot Shoal (MI)

Fourteen Mile Point (MI)

Forty Mile Point (MI)

Fox Island (CAN)

Fox River (WI)

Fowey Rocks (FL)

Frankfort Pierhead (MI)

Franklin Island (ME)

Franks Island (LA)

Fransen Island Range (MN)

Frechette Point (MI)

Frederiksted (VI)

Frost’s Point (NH)

Frying Pan Island (MI)

Frying Pan Shoals (NC)

 

Galloo Island (NY)

Gallups Island (MA)

Galveston (TX)

Gambier Bay Entrance Light (AK)

Garden Key (FL)

Gary (IN)

Gasparilla (FL)

Gaspee Point (RI)

Gastineau Channel Light (AK)

Gay Head (MA)

General History Genesee (NY)

George Island (?)

Georgetown (SC)

Gloucester Base (NJ)

Gloucester Breakwater (MA)

Glymont (MD)

Goat Island (ME)

Golovin Bay Light (AK)

Goose Rocks (ME)

Gould Island (RI)

Governors Island (NY)

Grand Haven (MI)

Grand Island Light Station (LA)

Grand Island Harbor (MI)

Grand Marais (MN)

Grand Traverse (MI)

Granite Island (MI)

Grant’s Pass (AL)

Grassy Hammock (CT)

Grassy Island (WI)            

Grassy Island Ledge (WI)

Gravelly Shoals (MI)

Graves Ledge (ME)

Graves Ledge (MA)

Gray’s Harbor (WA)

Gray’s Reef (MI)

Great Aquavitae (MA)

Great Beds (NJ)

Great Captain’s Island (NY)

Great Duck Island (ME)

Great Harbor (MA)

Great Point (MA)

Great Salt Pond (RI)

Great Shoals (MD)

Great Wicomico (VA)


Green Bay (WI)

Green Island (OH)

Green Island (WI)

Greenbury Point (MD)

Greens Ledge (CT)

Grindle Point (MD)

Grosse Isle (MI)

Grosse Point (IL)

Guanica (PR)

Guantanamo (Cuba)

Guard Island (AK)

Gull Island (MI)

Gull Island Rock (MI)

Gull Rocks (RI)

Gustavus Light (AK)

 

Haig Point (SC)

Halfmoon Bay (CA)

Halfmoon Reef (TX)

Halfmoon Shoal (TX)

Halfway Rock (ME)

Hamilton Island (CAN)

Hams Bluff (VI)

Hanamaioa (HI)

Hanapepe (HI)

Hanus Reef (AK)

Harbor Beach (MI)

Harbor Island (NC)

Harbor of Refuge (DE)

Hart’s Landing (MI)

Havre de Grace Light (MD)

Hawk Inlet East Shoal (AK)

Hawea Point (HI)

Head of the Passes (LA)

Heceta Head (OR)

Helm Bay (AK)

Hendricks Head (ME)

Hereford Inlet (NJ)

Heron Neck (ME)

Hermanos Island Rear Daybeacon (AK)

High Island Light (TX)

Highwater Rock Daybeacon (AK)

Hillsboro Inlet (FL)

Hive Island (AK)

Hog Island (MA)

Hog Rock Light (AK)

Holland Harbor (MI)

Holland Island Bar (MD)

Holmes Hale (MA)  

Honolulu Harbor (HI)

Honolulu Channel Light (HI)

Hooper Island (MD)

Hooper Strait (MD)

Horn Island (MS)

Horseshoe Range (PA)

Horseshoe Reef (NY)

Horton’s Point (NY)

Hospital Point (MA)

Hot Island Light (?)

Housatonic River (CT)

Houston Ship Channel (TX)

Howland Island (Pacific)

Hudson City (NY)

Humboldt Bar (CA)

Hunter Bay Daybeacon (WA)

Hunting Island (SC)

Huron Harbor (OH)

Huron Island (MI)

Hyannis Range (MA)

 

Icy Passage Light (AK)

Ida Lewis Rock (RI)

Ilkognak Rock Light (AK)

Indian Island (ME)

Indian Point Range (MI)

Indiana Harbor East Breakwater (IN)

Indiana Waterway Light No. 49 (NC)

Inner Point Light (AK)

Ipswich Range (MA)

Isla Caja de Muertos (PR)

Isla Cardona (PR)

Isle au Haute (ME)

Isle aux Galets (MI)

Isle LaMotte (VT)

Isle of Shoals (NH)

Isle Royale (MI)
 

James Island (MD)

Jeffrey’s Hook (NY)

Jobos Harbor (PR)

Johnson Point (WA)

Jones Inlet (ME)

Jones Point (VA)

Jordan’s Point (VA)

Juniper Island Light (VT)

Jupiter Inlet (FL)
 

Kahoolawe Point (HI)

Kaena Point (HI)

Kahului Entrance Range (HI)

Kailua (HI)

Kalae (HI)

Kalamazoo (MI)

Kalaupapa (HI)

Kalgin Island (AK)

Karheen Passage Daybreak (AK)

Kasnyku Harbor Daybeacon (AK)

Kauhola Point (HI)

Kauiki (HI)

Kaula Rock (HI)

Kaumalapau (HI)

Kawaihae (HI)

Kauna Point (HI)

Keahole (HI)

Keku Strait Daybeacon (AK)

Kenosha (WI)

Kennebec River (ME)

Ketchikan-Thomas Basin (AK)

Ketchikan Light (AK)

Kewalo Basin (HI)

Kewaunee Pierhead (WI)

Keweenah Waterway (MI)

Keweenaw Lower Entrance (MI)

Key Reef Light (AK)

Key West (FL)

Khantaak Island (AK)

Kilauea (HI)

Killock Shoal (VA)

Kingston Flats (NY)

Kinkora (NJ)

Klawak Island Light (AK)

Klokachee Lamp (?)

Kokole Point (HI)

Kuhio Bay (HI)

Kukuihaele (HI)

 

La Pointe (WI)

Lae o Ha Laau Point (HI)

Lahaina (HI)

Lake Borgne (MS) 

Lake Pontchartrain (LA)

Lake St. Clair (MI)

Lake St. George (FL)

Lake Worth Inlet (FL)

Lambert Point (VA)

Lansing Shoal (MI)

Larzatita Island Reef Light (AK)

Latimer Reef (NY)

Laupahoehoe Point (HI)

Laurel Point (NC)

Lauu Point (HI)

Lazaretto Point (MD)

Lehigh (NJ)

Lehua Island (HI)

Lewis Reef (AK)

Libby Island (ME)

Lime Kiln (WA)

Lime Point (CA)

Lincoln Rock (AK)

Liston Range Rear (DE)

Little Creek (?)

Little Cumberland Island (GA)

Little Gull Island (NY)

Little Mark Island (ME)

Little Rapids Cut (MI)

Little River (ME)

Little Sable (MI)

Little Traverse (MI)

Lloyd Harbor (NY)

Long Beach (CA)

Long Beach Bar (NY)

Long Island Head (MA)

Long Point (MA)

Long Point (NC)

Long Shoal (NC)

Looe Key (FL)

Lorain West (OH)

Los Angeles (CA)

Love Point (MD)

Lovells Island (MA)

Low Point (CAN)

Lower Cedar Point (MD)

Lower Little Island (NY)

Lower Range (MA)

Lower Thoroughfare Range (MD)

Lubec Channel (ME)

Ludington (MI)

Ludlam Beach (NJ)

Lynde Point (CT)

Lynn Harbor (MA)
 

Machias Seal (CAN)

Magothy River (MD)

Mahon River (DE)

Mahukona (HI)

Makapuu Point (HI)

Manana Island (ME)

Manistee (MI)

Manistee Pierhead (MI)

Manistique (MI)

Manitou (MI)

Manitowoc (WI)

Mantua Creek (NJ)

Maplin Sand Light (England)

Marblehead (OH)

Marblehead (MA)

Marcus Hook (DE)

Mare Island (CA)

Marine City Range Light (MI)

Marquette Light (MI)

Marquette Breakwater (MI)

Mark Abbott Memorial Lighthouse (CA)

Marrowstone Point (CT)

Marshall Point Light (ME)

Martin Reef (MI)

Mary Island (AK)

Maryland Point (MD)

Matagorda Bay Light (TX)

Mathias Point Shoal Light (VA)

Matinicus Rock Light (ME)

Mattituck (NY)

Maumee Bay (OH)

Maurice River (NJ)

Maxfield Point (VT)

Maxwell Point Light (SC)

Mayo Beach (MA)

McClellan Rock Light (AK)

McGregor Point Daybeacon (HI)

McGulpins Point (MI)

Meares Island (CAN)

Mendenhall Bar (AK)

Mendota Light (MI)

Menominee Pierhead Light (WI)

Merrill’s Shell Bank (MS)

Merrimac (WI)

Metomkin Point (VA)

Miah Maull Shoal Light (DE)

Michigan City Light (IN)

Michigan Island (WI)

Middle Island (MI)

Middle Neebish (MI)

Midway Rock Light (CA)

Mile Rocks Light (CA)

Milolii (HI)

Milwaukee Breakwater (WI)

Milwaukee Pierhead (WI)

Minneapolis Shoals (MI)

Minor Island (WA)

Minor Island/Tansy Point (WA)

Minot’s Ledge (MA)

Mispillion River (DE)

Mission Point (MI)

Mississippi River Gulf Outlet (MS)

Mite Head (?)

Mitrofania Island (AK)

Mobile Bay (AL)

Mobile Point (AL)

Molasses Reef (FL)

Molokai (HI)

Molokini Light (HI)

Mona Island (PR)

Monhegan Island (ME)

Montreal River Light (MI)

Monroe (MI)

Monomoy Point Light (MA)

Montauk Point (NY)

Moos Head (OR)

Moose Peak (ME)

Meriches Light (NY)

Morris Island (SC)

Morro Bay (CA)

Mosquito Bank Light (FL)

Moss Landing (CA)

Mount Desert Island Light (ME)

Mud Island Rear Light (PA)

Muertos Island (PR)

Mukilteo Light (WA)

Mule Rock (AK)

Mulholland Point (CAN)

Munising Range (MI)

Murderkill River Range Front (DE)

Murphy’s Dock Light (?)

Muscle Bed Shoal (RI)

Muskegon Pierhead Front (MI)

Myhlen Feldt Point (VI)

Matomkin Light (VA)

 

Nakalele Point (HI)

Nansemond River (VA)

Nanticoke River (MD)

Nantucket (MA)

Napoopoo (HI)

Narranguagus Bay (ME)

Narrow Point (AK)

Narrows Light (MA)

Nash Island (ME)

Natchez (MS)

Nauset (MA)

Navassa Island (Minor)

Navesink (NJ)

Nawilliwilli Harbor Light (HI)

Nayat Point Light (RI)

Neches River (TX)

Ned Point (MA)

Neuse River Light (NC)

New Canal (LA)

New Dorp (NY)

New Dungeness (WA)

New Haven (Outer Breakwater) (CT)

New Haven Harbor (CT)

New London Harbor (CT)

New London Ledge (CT)

New Point Comfort (VA)

Newark Bay (NJ)

Newbern Harbor (NC)

Newbury Harbor (MA)

Newburyport Harbor Range Light (MA)

Newcastle Range (DE)

Newport Beach (CA)

Newport Harbor (RI)

Newport News (VA)

Newport Wharf Light (VT)

Niagara-on-the Lake (NY)

Niblack Daybeach (AK)

Nobska Point (MA)

North Brother’s Island (NY)

North Dumpling Light (NY)

Northeast Corner (?)

North Head (WA)

North Hook Fog Signal (NJ)

North Inian Pass (AK)

North Landing River Beacon (VA)

North Manitou Shoal (MI)

North Pier (PA)

North Point (WI)

North River Bar (NC)

Northwest Passage (FL)
 

Oak Island (NC)

Oak Orchard (NY)

Oakland Harbor (CA)

Ocean Cape (AK)

Ocracoke (NC)

Old Field Point (NY)

Old Mission Point (MI)

Old Orchard Shoal (NY)

Old Plantation Flats (VA)

Old Point Comfort (VA)

Old Reedy Island (DE)

Old Sodus Point (MI)

Ontonagon (MI)

Oregon Inlet (NC)

Orient Point Light (NY)

Oswego Light (NY)

Otstota Island (AK)

Owls Head (ME)

Outer Island Light (WI)

Oyster Bayou (LA)

 

Pacific Reef Light (FL)

Pages Rock (VA)

Pago Pago (American Samoa)

Palaoa Point (HI)

Palmer Island (MA)

Pamlico Point (NC)

Pascagoula (MS)

Pass a l’Outre (LA)

Pass Christian Light (MS)

Pass Manchac (LA)

Passage Island (MI)

Passaic Light (NJ)

Pastol Bay (AK)

Patos Light (WA)       

Paukaa Point (HI)

Pauwela Point (HI)

Paymyra Light (NJ)

Pea Patch Island (DE)

Peche Isle Range (MI)

Pearse Canal (AK)

Pearl River (LA)

Peck’s Ledge (CT)

Peep Rock Light (AK)

Pelican City (AK)

Pelican Shoal (FL)

Pemaquid (ME)

Penfield Reef (CT)

Peninsula Point (MI)

Pensacola Light (FL)

Pentwater Pierhead (MI)

Pepeeko Point (HI)

Perkins Island (ME)

Perry Island Light (AK)

Perry Memorial Light (OH)

Petit Manan Light (ME)

Pharos of Alexandria (Egypt)

Piedras Blancas (CA)

Pigeon Point (CA)

Pillar Point (NZ)

Pilot Island (WI)

Piney Point (MD)

Pipe Island (WI)

Plattsburgh Beacon (NY)

Plum Beach (RI)

Plum Island (NY)

Plum Island (WI)

Plymouth Gurnet (MA)

Poe Reef (MI)

Point Adams (OR)

Point Alexander Light (CAN)

Point Allerton (CAN)

Point Ancon Light (?)

Point Arden (AK)

Point (Puenta) Arena (CA)

Point Arguello (CA)

Point Augusta (AK)

Point au Fer (LA)

Point Aux Barques (MI)

Point Aux Herbes (LA)

Point Aux Roches (NY)

Point Baker (AK)

Point Betsie (MI)

Point Blunt (CA)

Point Bonita (CA)

Point (Puenta)

Borinquen (PR)

Point Cabrillo (CA)

Point Colpoys Light (AK)

Point Conception (CA)

Point Defer (LA)

Point Diablo (CA)

Point Erie (PA)

Point Fermin (CA)

Point Figuras (PR)

Point Gambier (?)

Point Grenville (WA)

Point Harris (CA)

Point Hilda (AK)

Point Hudson (WA)

Point Hueneme (CA)

Point Judith (RI)

Point Jiguero (PR)

Point Iroquois (MI)

Point Light (?)

Point Loma (CA)

Point Lookout (MD)

Point Montara (CA)

Point Macartney (?)

Point Mulas (PR)

Point No Point (MD)

Point No Point (WA)

Point Orchard (WA)

Point of Shoals (VA)

Point Pigal (AK)

Point Pinos (CA)

Point Retreat (AK)

Point Reyes (CA)

Point Robinson (WA)

Point Sal (CA)

Point Tuna (PR)

Point Sherman (AK)

Point Sur (CA)

Point Vicente (CA)

Point Wilson (WA)

Pollock Rip Beacon (MA)

Pombam Rocks (RI)

Ponce de Leon (FL)

Ponce Harbor Front Range (PR)

Pond Island (ME)

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Historic Lighthouses & Light Stations

 


 Boston  Brazo Santiago Punta de Los Reyes 

1. Historic lighthouse drawing, 2. Boston Light [170602-G-0Y189-474], 3. Sand Key [170602-G-0Y189-329], 4. Brazo Santiago [170602-G-0Y189-489], 5. Punta de Los Reyes [170602-G-0Y189-282]

 

Additional Resources: Please visit the National Park Service Maritime Heritage Program's website for a searchable inventory of Historic Lighthouses and Light Stations:  https://www.nps.gov/maritime/inventories/lights.htm 

 


Lighthouse materials available here are an expanded version of the National Park Service's Inventory of Historic Light Stations.  This site incorporates the National Park Service's Inventory as well as light station files that are maintained by the Coast Guard Historian's Office.  A special thanks is owed to Ms. Candace Clifford of the National Maritime Initiative and author of the Inventory of Historic Light Stations for her permission to utilize the Inventory.

The majority of the photos were taken from the files of the U.S. Coast Guard Historians' Office.  They were compiled and scanned by Mr. Joseph Kiebish, and we wish to acknowledge his generous assistance and thank him for his service as a volunteer.   

Additional information as well as the history for each lighthouse is provided courtesy of volunteers from the Chesapeake Chapter of the U.S. Lighthouse Society, including Anne Puppa, William Simms, Melissa Buckler, Marie Vincent, Catherine Price, Diane Hackney and Matthew B. Jenkins.  We gratefully acknowledge their efforts as well


 

Lighthouse Fact Sheets (Alphabetical)

Turkey Point Light Station

July 2, 2019
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Turkey Point Lighthouse, Chesapeake Bay, North East, Maryland

TURKEY POINT LIGHT

Location:  Chesapeake Bay, mouth of the Elk and Northeast Rivers
Date Built:  1833
Type of Structure:  Conical brick and masonry tower
Height:  35 feet (height of tower)
Characteristics:  Flashing white with one red sector
Foghorn:  Fog bell tower (no longer standing)
Builder:  John Donahoo
Appropriation:  $5,000
Range:  8 miles
Status:  Standing and Active

Historical Information: 

  • Turkey Point is a 100 foot bluff at the tip of a peninsula dividing the Northeast and Elk Rivers at the northern end of the Chesapeake Bay. Efforts to build a lighthouse on the bluff were stalled initially because the landowners valued the property at several times what the Government considered the going rate. Eventually the Maryland State Legislature was asked to condemn the land and a commission set the value at $564, which the Government paid. Probably due to its remote location, John Donahoo was the only bidder and after some negotiation he was awarded a construction contract of $4,355. A contract of $419 for the lamps went to James Geddes. Using the same plans as the Concord Point tower in Havre de Grace, MD (with some small changes), Donahoo completed the 35 foot brick tower and a small 1 ½ story brick keepers dwelling by July of 1833. It was outfitted with 11 lamps, each with a corresponding 15 inch reflector.In 1855 the old Argand style lighting system was replaced by a single lamp and a fourth order Fresnel lens.
  • In 1867 the lantern was completely refitted and designed to properly display the Fresnel lens.
  • In 1868 a new Franklin lamp was installed.
  • In April 1888 a fog bell tower with automated ringing mechanism was installed. Because of its location atop the bluff, the fog bell sat as low to the ground as possible in order to be heard far away. To accommodate this design, a 30 foot well was dug beneath it into which the counterweights fell.1889 the dwelling was enlarged with the addition of a second story and a porch.
  • In 1933 the lamp was changed from oil to vaporized kerosene. Nine years later, in 1942 it was electrified and an electric fog horn was installed.The light was fully automated in 1947 and the keeper, Mrs. Fannie Mae Slater, retired. She was the last woman lighthouse keeper in the United States (see below for more information).
  • In its remote location the lighthouse suffered from a fair amount of neglect and vandalism over the next couple decades.  The tower was broken into and the Fresnel lens was stolen.  In 1972 the keepers dwelling had decayed to such state of disrepair that it had to be torn down.  Since that time the tower has been refurbished and the grounds are now well maintained.  It is now situated in Elkneck State Park at the mid point of a scenic, 2 mile, loop trail.

Researched and written  by Matthew B. Jenkins, a volunteer through the Chesapeake Chapter of the U.S. Light House Society.

  • Lighthouse was officially listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 2 December 2002.

KEEPERS OF THE TURKEY POINT LIGHT:

The first keeper at Turkey Point was Robert C. Lusby who served from August 10, 1833, to August 18, 1841, when John C. Waters took over for just under two years until Robert returned on June 3, 1843.  The first of many women keepers was Elizabeth Lusby, Robert's wife who replaced him upon his death and served from May 8, 1844, to at least 1861.  Edward Cloman took over on March 13, 1862 until December 30, 1865 when John Crouch was appointed keeper.  Mr. Crouch died on July 3, 1873, and his wife Rebecca L. Crouch assumed his duties on October 2, 1873, until she died on July 11, 1895.  Their daughter, Georgiana S. Brumfield, who lived at the station since the age of 16, served as keeper from July 26, 1895 until 1919, retiring at age 70 after living 54 years at Turkey Point.  She died in June 1934.  Caleb Stowe from North Carolina served from 1919 to 1922.  C. W. "Harry" Salter served from 1922 until he died in 1925.

In 1921, Caleb Stowe noticed a disabled powerboat with seven men onboard and towed it with the station's boat to Town Point Wharf.  In May 1923, C. W. Salter noticed that a motorboat towing a "Floating Department Store Loaded with Bankrupt Merchandise" valued at $25,000 had become disabled, and the barge was about to be caught in a strong northeast wind.  He took the station's boat and towed the barge to safety under the point out of the wind.

Salter's wife, Fannie May Salter, took over her husband's duties in 1925 thanks to the personally granted authorization of then President Calvin Coolidge.  Because of her age, the Civil Service had told Fannie that she could not succeed her husband.  However, she appealed to her senator who took it to the White House, which then overruled the Civil Service.  She served until August 1947 when she retired at age 65, with 22 years of service as lighthouse keeper, and another 23 years previously assisting her late husband who was keeper at several stations.  She stated, "Oh, it was an easy-like chore, but my feet got tired, and climbing the tower has given me fallen arches."

Before the station was electrified, Fannie would fill and light one of the two lamps at dusk, climb the tower and place the lamp within the lens, then recheck it about one hour later, and again at 10 pm before going to bed. From her bedroom in the keeper's quarters she could see if the light was functioning properly and would immediately awake if the light ever went out. With electricity installed in 1943, she only had to turn on a switch, which lit a 100 watt bulb, which in combination with the lens produced 680 candlepower of light.  Once she had to manually strike the fog bell when it suddenly failed as a steamer was heading for the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal in a fog.  She rang the bell four times a minute for 55 minutes until the steamer had safely passed.  In so doing, she was away from the phone when her son-in-law tried to call and tell her that her daughter had given birth to her granddaughter.  The Lighthouse Board in 1928 authorized $25 per month for a laborer to wind the fog bell striking mechanism for Mrs. Salter during months of the year when fog was prevalent.  This fee was reduced to $15 per month in 1932.  Upon retirement, she moved to another house six miles away, but she was still within sight of the light.  She died at age 83 in 1966.  Turkey Point Lighthouse had more women lighthouse keepers than any other lighthouse on the Chesapeake Bay.

It was 14 miles over poor roads to the nearest store; the station families typically raised fruits, vegetables, chickens, turkeys, sheep, and pigs.  During World War II, the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal became an important inland shipping corridor due to the threat of submarine warfare off the Atlantic.  Because of this increased shipping, the Turkey Point Lighthouse became an especially important aid to navigation, and a detachment of Coast Guard personnel were assigned to the station as a precaution against saboteurs.


Turkey Point Light Station's National Register of Historic Places Nomination


===========================================

1. Name of Property

===========================================

historic name: Turkey Point Light Station

other names/site number: CE - 195

===========================================

2. Location

===========================================

street & number: N/A not for publication: N/A

city or town: near North East vicinity X

state: Maryland; code: MD county: Cecil code: 015

zip code: N/A

===========================================

3. State/Federal Agency Certification

===========================================

As the designated authority under the National Historic Preservation Act of 1986, as amended, I hereby certify that this nomination and request for eligibility determination meet the documentation standards for registering properties in the National Register of Historic Places and meets the procedural and professional requirements set forth in 36 CFR Part 60. In my opinion, the property meets the National Register Criteria. I recommend that this property be considered significant locally. (__See continuation sheet for additional comments.)

Captain, U. S. Coast Guard,

Chief, Office of Civil Engineering ________

Signature of certifying official Date

Department of Transportation, U.S. Coast Guard

State or Federal agency and bureau

In my opinion, the property ____ meets ____ does not meet the National Register criteria. (___ See continuation sheet for additional comments.)

_______________________________________ ___________________

Signature of commenting or other official Date

_________________________________________________________________

State or Federal agency and bureau

===========================================

4. National Park Service Certification

===========================================

I, hereby certify that this property is:

____ entered in the National Register ______________________

___ See continuation sheet.

____ determined eligible for the ______________________

National Register

___ See continuation sheet.

____ determined not eligible for the ______________________

National Register

____ removed from the National Register ______________________

____ other (explain): _________________

__________________________________ ______________________

Signature of Keeper Date of Action

===========================================

5. Classification

===========================================

Ownership of Property (Check as many boxes as apply)

___ private

___ public-local

___ public-State

X public-Federal

Category of Property (Check only one box)

___ building(s)

___ district

___ site

X structure

___ object

Number of Resources within Property

Contributing Noncontributing

_____ _____ buildings

_____ _____ sites

2 _____ structures

_____ _____ objects

2 0 Total

Number of contributing resources previously listed in the National Register 0

Name of related multiple property listing: Light Stations of the United States

===========================================

6. Function or Use

===========================================

Historic Functions (Enter categories from instructions)

Cat: transportation Sub: water-related

Current Functions (Enter categories from instructions)

Cat: transportation Sub: water-related

===========================================

7. Description

===========================================

Architectural Classification (Enter categories from instructions): No Style

Materials (Enter categories from instructions):

foundation: timber/stone crib

roof: iron

walls: brick, stucco

other: lantern: cast iron

Narrative Description (Describe the historic and current condition of the property.)1

Description Summary2

The Turkey Point Light Station consists of an 1833 tapering, conical, stucco-covered, brick tower and a 1913 cement oil house. Other station structures including a keeper's quarters, fog bell tower, boat landing, stable, woodshed, and smokehouse have been destroyed. The station is located on a 100-foot high bluff at the tip of Turkey Point, Elk Neck State Park, confluence of Elk River and Northeast River, near the head of the Chesapeake Bay, near North East, Cecil County, Maryland. Located on a 100-foot high bluff, Turkey Point Lighthouse is one of the highest on Chesapeake Bay and is visible for 13 miles.3 Access to the property is through Elk Neck State Park.

Existing Structures

Tower

The brick tower is 31 1/2 feet from its base to the parapet, 16 feet in diameter at the base, and 9 feet, 8 inches at the top. The walls are 2 1/2 feet thick at the base, and 14 inches at the top. The foundation is made of timber and stone crib. The lantern is made of cast iron and the roof of sheet iron.

The following statement made in 1890 to describe stone masonry towers of New England, built prior to 1840, is appropriate for the Turkey Point Lighthouse tower as well,

At the top of the tower and within the walling of rubble, a dome of brick was turned, with a square opening near the springing-line on one side forming a scuttle entrance to the lantern. On this brick dome, a flat roof composed of slabs of stone 4 inches thick was laid, projecting over the walls of the tower from 6 to 12 inches.4

Reference in several reports and articles state that the central stairs were made of brick or cast iron. This is incorrect as evidenced by visual inspection of the tower interior, an undated but probable 1930s photograph which clearly shows a wooden set of stairs, and a 1938 description of the Turkey Point Light Station. Furthermore, a set of plans of the Turkey Point Lighthouse tower, dated November 1905 from the National Archives, clearly indicate "31 steps. Wood." At some point these wooden steps were removed by the Coast Guard to prevent vandalism and finally the present metal ladders and landings were added by the Coast Guard to gain access to the lantern. The tower floor is poured concrete, which covers the original brick floor.5

Lantern

The lantern is a 9-sided cast-iron lantern surrounded by a gallery and three rows of railings supported by cast-iron balusters. The lantern was apparently painted red but changed to its present black color in the late 1800s. A fourth-order Fresnel lens was replaced with a solar-powered 250mm acrylic lens during automation. The light was originally a fixed white and changed to flashing white in 1947 when the station was automated. The Fresnel lens was stolen after automation.6

When Turkey Point Light was decommissioned in April 2000, the solar powered 250mm acrylic lens was removed from the lantern.

Oil House

The 9- by 7-foot concrete oil house was built in 1913. A 275-gallon metal fuel tank was located adjacent to the oil house on the west side; today only a foundation remains.

Previously Existing Structures

Keeper's Quarters

A 2 1/2-story structure, originally built in 1833 as a 1-story dwelling, was constructed of bond brick. The dwelling measured 34 by 20 feet with attached kitchen. The second-story addition was built of whitewashed board and batten with some gingerbread on the eaves, and a red painted roof of standing seam sheet metal, was added in 1889. A plan of this rebuild, dated March 1889 from the National Archives, shows that the house had a central hall plan with a parlor on one side and living room with fireplace on the other. The kitchen consisted of an addition located off the living room to the back. In 1897, this kitchen addition was rebuilt into the dining room and a kitchen with pantry and porch addition added to it. The second story had four bedrooms though one was very small and better served as a storeroom. The keeper's house, located just to the northeast of the lighthouse tower, was demolished circa 1971 by the Maryland Department of Natural Resources.7

Fog Signal Building

A one-story, 8-feet, 6-inch, square wooden structure was built in 1888 between the water and the light tower near the bluff edge. It was built over a 30-foot-deep dry well with a wood shingle hip roof. It was sided with horizontal clapboards with at least one window with six-over-six double-hung sash. On the waterside, the fog bell was mounted outside from wooden brackets supported by square wooden posts attached to the outside of the tower. The mechanical striking mechanism was housed inside the tower, and its cable and weights were dropped down a dry well.

In 1938, the fog signal was described as consisting of a 1000-pound bell which was struck one stroke every 15 seconds with a Gamewell striker. The frame structure was 9 by 9 feet and 10 feet high with a hip roof. During World War II, the tower was either modified or rebuilt into a two-story watch tower with the fog bell mechanism located on the lower level. A narrow wooden gallery surrounded the upper watch room level with the railing accessed by an outside set of stairs. The fog signal building, located about 125 feet south of the lighthouse tower toward the water, was demolished circa 1971 by the Maryland Department of Natural Resources. A depression over the dry well is visible today as are the two westernmost foundation piers.8

Other Structures

A stable, wood shed, and smokehouse, located behind the keeper's quarters and to the north, were rebuilt in 1895. The stable was later converted to a garage; at one point the garage

was attached to a shed at a right angle. A wagon shed was also built sometime before 1887. A white wooden fence with horizontal rails surrounded the station until at least 1925. A reinforced concrete post and wire fence replaced this fence by at least 1928. Most of these fence posts are still extant. Southwest of the tower is a cut off pipe set in a cement foundation, believed to be the flag pole. Scrawled in script into the cement of the flag pole foundation before it hardened is the name "Fannie Salter August 1940" on the west side and "... Salter" on the other.

In 1938, a garage, chicken house, sheep house, and water closet were indicated as being present, all painted white except the sheep house, which was painted gray. A concrete water cistern was located in the basement of the dwelling. A well was present, but the quality of the water was bad. A 2-foot-wide wooden walk connected the fog signal building to the light tower and the dwelling. This was later replaced by cement walks. A set of 137 wooden steps afforded access down the bluff to the water just below the fog signal building. On the west side of the stairs was a wooden incline or chute outfitted with a windlass on top of the bluff and used to haul supplies up and down as needed. At the base of the steps was a seasonal (taken down in winter) walkway of two parallel boards, which extended out into the river 80 feet so the Lighthouse Service tender could offload supplies.9

===========================================

8. Statement of Significance

===========================================

Applicable National Register Criteria (Mark "x" in one or more boxes for the criteria qualifying the property for National Register listing)

X A Property is associated with events that have made a significant contribution to the broad patterns of our history.

____ B Property is associated with the lives of persons significant in our past.

X C Property embodies the distinctive characteristics of a type, period, or method of construction or represents the work of a master, or possesses high artistic values, or represents a significant and distinguishable entity whose components lack individual distinction.

____ D Property has yielded, or is likely to yield information important in prehistory or history.

Criteria Considerations (Mark "X" in all the boxes that apply.)

____ A owned by a religious institution or used for religious purposes

____ B removed from its original location

____ C a birthplace or a grave

____ D a cemetery

____ E a reconstructed building, object, or structure

____ F a commemorative property

____ G less than 50 years of age or achieved significance within the past 50 years

Areas of Significance (Enter categories from instructions):

Maritime History

Transportation

Architecture

Period of Significance: 1833 - 194810

Significant Dates: 1833, 1943, 1948

Significant Person (Complete if Criterion B is marked above): N/A

Cultural Affiliation: N/A

Known Design Source: none

Architect/Builder: John Donohoo

Narrative Statement of Significance (Explain the significance of the property.)

The Turkey Point Light Station is significant for its association with federal governmental efforts to provide an integrated system of navigational aids and to provide for safe maritime transportation in the Chesapeake Bay, a major transportation corridor for commercial traffic from the early nineteenth through twentieth centuries. The Turkey Point Lighthouse is one of the earliest extant lighthouses in the state of Maryland. The lighthouse embodies a distinctive design and method of construction that typified lighthouse construction on the upper Chesapeake Bay during the first half of the nineteenth century. Excluding Cape Henry (164 feet) and Cape Charles (191 feet), Turkey Point Lighthouse, sitting on a 100-foot bluff, has the highest focal plane of any lighthouse on the Chesapeake Bay at 129 feet above the water.

History

The 100-foot-high, buff-colored bluffs at Turkey Point, visible for several miles down the Chesapeake Bay, have served as a landmark and aid to navigation since colonial times.11 With the opening of the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal in October 1829, the Lighthouse Board requested a lighthouse for Turkey Point to mark the change in course from the Chesapeake Bay to the Elk River, which leads to the canal. Congress first authorized funding of $5,000

for a lighthouse on Turkey Point on March 3, 1831. A four-acre tract owned by John B. and Juliana Paca was sold for $564 on December 26, 1832, including access to the property from the water.

John Donahoo built the tower and keeper's quarters in 1833 for $4,355. James Geddes supplied the eleven lamps, each with a 15-inch reflector, for $419. When the Fishing Battery Lighthouse was built in 1852 it worked in combination with the Point Concord Lighthouse, Pooles Island Lighthouse, and Turkey Point Lighthouse to guide vessels in the upper Chesapeake Bay. In 1855, a Fresnel lens was installed. The Lighthouse Board requested funding in 1864 to replace "lanterns of an old and exceedingly defective character" for six lighthouses including Turkey Point. Congress authorized the funding of $6,000 on April 7, 1866, and the work was completed in 1867. In the following year, the "constant level or fountain lamp heretofore in use" was replaced with a "Franklin lamp." In 1869, the station was reported as "in good condition." In 1880, the keeper's quarters were "painted inside and out," and otherwise thoroughly repaired. The Lighthouse Board Annual Report for 1885 states, "The stable was rebuilt, and a new platform and windlass were made for the well (presumed to be the water well)."12

A "fog bell room" (tower) was prefabricated at the Lazaretto Lighthouse Depot, Baltimore Harbor, and erected at Turkey Point in April 1888. Because of the height of the bluff and the desire to position the bell as low as possible, the fog signal tower was built over a dry well so that the weights of the mechanical bell striking mechanism could be suspended within the well and not from a high tower. The keeper had to hand wind the weights back up periodically during use in foggy weather. The bell weighed 1,200 pounds and was struck with a 50-pound clapper. The station fencing was "thoroughly repainted and about 180 linear feet of plank walk was added in the same year."13

In 1889, extensive improvements were made on the keeper's quarters including raising the roof one story providing an additional "four habitable rooms," and adding a new front porch. In 1895, wire rope was renewed for the fog bell striking machinery; the stable, wood shed, and smokehouse were rebuilt; and 900 feet of fencing was renewed. In 1897, the "back building used as a kitchen" was torn down and a new one with a porch and pantry built. Two old brick pavements were re-laid and a new one added. A 3-inch-plank walk 240 feet long was also built. In 1899, a "new model fourth-order lamp" was installed, the fog bell hammer adjusted, and a new spring for the striking mechanism installed. Unspecified repairs were made at Turkey Point Lighthouse in 1929 due to hurricane damage.

The property was described in 1930 as consisting of a lighthouse tower valued at $3,000, a fog signal valued at $225, oil house at $500, storehouse at $230, keeper's quarters at $4,400, and the four acres of property valued at $1,000. The oil lamp in the lens was upgraded to an Aladdin incandescent oil vapor lamp in 1933. In 1938 the red sector of the lantern was described as consisting of two pieces of glass, one 17 1/4-inches wide and one 15 5/8-inches wide, both 1/8-inch-thick and 35 1/4-inches long. The boat landing had been discontinued by this time. The station had a radio telephone installed and was electrified in 1942. The station was automated in 1948, shortly after Fannie Salter, the last keeper, retired in 1947. When the lighthouse was automated it was changed from a non-flashing white light to a flashing light.

The keeper's quarters and outbuildings, as well as the tower's wooden spiral staircase were demolished around 1971. In 1993, the Coast Guard received a letter from Dean Rice who was interested in rebuilding the keeper's quarters. He was directed to the Maryland Department of Natural Resources, which now owns the property where the dwelling stood.14

In 1990, trees and brush had grown around the lighthouse partially blocking the visibility of the red sector. Coast Guard and Maryland Department of Natural Resources personnel used a bulldozer, chain saws, chippers, and clippers to clear an eight acre area around the lighthouse.

In 1993, the North East Lion's Club and the Coast Guard painted the Turkey Point Lighthouse tower.15 The tower was repainted in 1999.

Turkey Point Lighthouse was decommissioned in April 2000, and in 2001, the lighthouse was leased to the non-profit Turkey Point Light Station Inc. The non-profit organization is seeking to install a new optic and have it certified by the U.S. Coast Guard as a private aid to navigation.

Keepers at Turkey Point Lighthouse

The first keeper at Turkey Point was Robert C. Lusby who served from August 10, 1833, to August 18, 1841, when John C. Waters took over for just under two years until Robert returned on June 3, 1843. The first of many women keepers was Elizabeth Lusby, Robert's wife who replaced him upon his death and served from May 8, 1844, to at least 1861. Edward Cloman took over on March 13, 1862 until December 30, 1865 when John Crouch was appointed keeper. Mr. Crouch died on July 3, 1873, and his wife Rebecca L. Crouch assumed his duties on October 2, 1873, until she died on July 11, 1895. Their daughter, Georgiana S. Brumfield, who lived at the station since the age of 16, served as keeper from July 26, 1895 until 1919, retiring at age 70 after living 54 years at Turkey Point. She died in June 1934. Caleb Stowe from North Carolina served from 1919 to 1922. C. W. "Harry" Salter served from 1922 until he died in 1925.16

In 1921, Caleb Stowe noticed a disabled powerboat with seven men onboard and towed it with the station's boat to Town Point Wharf. In May 1923, C. W. Salter noticed that a motorboat towing a "Floating Department Store Loaded with Bankrupt Merchandise" valued at $25,000 had become disabled, and the barge was about to be caught in a strong northeast wind. He took the station's boat and towed the barge to safety under the point out of the wind.17

Salter's wife, Fannie May Salter, took over her husband's duties in 1925 thanks to the personally granted authorization of then President Calvin Coolidge. Because of her age, the Civil Service had told Fannie that she could not succeed her husband. However, she appealed to her senator who took it to the White House, which then overruled the Civil Service. She served until August 1947 when she retired at age 65, with 22 years of service as lighthouse keeper, and another 23 years previously assisting her late husband who was keeper at several stations. She stated, "Oh, it was an easy-like chore, but my feet got tired, and climbing the tower has given me fallen arches."18

Before the station was electrified, Fannie would fill and light one of the two lamps at dusk, climb the tower and place the lamp within the lens, then recheck it about one hour later, and again at 10 pm before going to bed. From her bedroom in the keeper's quarters she could see if the light was functioning properly and would immediately awake if the light ever went out. With electricity installed in 1943, she only had to turn on a switch, which lit a 100 watt bulb, which in combination with the lens produced 680 candlepower of light. Once she had to manually strike the fog bell when it suddenly failed as a steamer was heading for the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal in a fog. She rang the bell four times a minute for 55 minutes until the steamer had safely passed. In so doing, she was away from the phone when her son-in-law tried to call and tell her that her daughter had given birth to her granddaughter. The Lighthouse Board in 1928 authorized $25 per month for a laborer to wind the fog bell striking mechanism for Mrs. Salter during months of the year when fog was prevalent. This fee was reduced to $15 per month in 1932. Upon retirement, she moved to another house six miles away, but she was still within sight of the light. She died at age 83 in 1966. Turkey Point Lighthouse had more women lighthouse keepers than any other lighthouse on the Chesapeake Bay.19

It was 14 miles over poor roads to the nearest store; the station families typically raised fruits, vegetables, chickens, turkeys, sheep, and pigs. During World War II, the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal became an important inland shipping corridor due to the threat of submarine warfare off the Atlantic. Because of this increased shipping, the Turkey Point Lighthouse became an especially important aid to navigation, and a detachment of Coast Guard personnel were assigned to the station as a precaution against saboteurs.20

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9. Major Bibliographical References

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This nomination includes heavy use of Ellen Coxe (1979), Geoffrey Henry (1983) and Michael Bourne (1968) National Register nominations.

Adams, H.C. Keepers of the Lights, New York, Greenberg, 1955.

Bureau of Lighthouses. Light List. Atlantic and Gulf Coast 1901. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1901.

Clifford, Mary Louise, and J. Candace Clifford. Women Who Kept The Lights: An Illustrated History of Female Lighthouse Keepers, Cypress Communications, Williamsburg, Virginia, 1993.

de Gast, Robert. The Lighthouses of the Chesapeake. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London, 1973.

Gilbert, Wendy Heister. "Lighthouse: Turkey Point site gives visitors a unique vista," Cecil Whig, February 16, 1990.

Grant, Joseph R. "History of the Turkey Point Lighthouse." The Upper Shoreman, volume 7, number 23, 1968 and Bulletin of the Historical Society of Cecil County, number 32, 1968

Holland, F. Ross, Jr. Great American Lighthouses. John D. Lucas Printing Company, Baltimore, Maryland, 1989.

__________. Maryland Lighthouses of the Chesapeake Bay: An Illustrated History. Maryland Historical Trust, Crownsville, Maryland, in press.

Johnson, Arnold B. The Modern Lighthouse Service, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1889.

Smith, Rick. "History Note: Turkey Point Light Guided Sailors Home," no date, no source, copy in Turkey Point Light file, National Maritime Initiative Office.

Smith, Robert O. "Fannie Salter - America's Last Woman Lighthouse Keeper." The Weather Gauge, volume 23, number 2, Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels, Maryland, 1987.

"Turkey Point Light-station, MD." U.S. Coast Guard Records Group 26, National Archives, Washington, D.C.

U.S. Lighthouse Board. Annual Reports, 1868-1929. Department of Commerce and Labor, 1867-1902.

Previous documentation on file (NPS)

___ preliminary determination of individual listing (36 CFR 67) has been requested.

___ previously listed in the National Register

___ previously determined eligible by the National Register

___ designated a National Historic Landmark

___ recorded by Historic American Buildings Survey # __________

___ recorded by Historic American Engineering Record #

Primary Location of Additional Data

X State Historic Preservation Office

___ Other State agency

X Federal agency

___ Local government

___ University

___ Other

Name of repository: National Archives; Library of Congress; National Maritime Initiative, National Park Service; U.S. Coast Guard Headquarter, Historian's Office, Washington, D.C.

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10. Geographical Data

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Acreage of Property: Less than one acre

USGS quadrangle: Spesutie, MD.

UTM References: Zone Easting Northing

18 413180 4366970

Boundary Description:

The property as indicated on the enclosed map includes only the immediate setting of the resources.

Boundary Justification:

The boundary includes the lighthouse tower and oil house and completely encompasses the structures.

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11. Form Prepared By

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name/title: Ralph E. Eshelman, Maritime Historian

(originally prepared for the Maryland Historical Trust as part of a multiple property nomination for Maryland Lighthouses; reformated in May 1998 by Candace Clifford, NCSHPO consultant to the National Maritime Initiative, as part of a multiple property documentation form for U.S. Coast Guard-owned light stations); edited and revised by Jennifer Perunko, NCSHPO Consultant, National Maritime Initiative, National Park Service, August 2002

organization: Eshelman & Associates

date: January 27, 1996

street & number: 12178 Preston Dr.

city or town: Lusby state: MD zip code: 20657

telephone: 410-326-4877

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Property Owners

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name: Maryland Department of Natural Resources

street & number: Elk Neck State Park, 4395 Turkey Point Road

telephone: (301) 287-5333

city or town: North East state: MD zip code: 21901

name: U.S. Coast Guard, Fifth District

street & number: 431 Crawford Street

city or town: Portsmouth state: VA zip code: 23705-5004

telephone: (757) 398-6351


Notes:

1 The following description and associated photographs were reviewed in August 2002 by a US Coast Guard Aid to Navigation team responsible for the property. A document verifying that the description and associated photographs reflect the current condition of the property is on file with the Office of Civil Engineering, US Coast Guard Headquarters, Washington, DC

2 Description based on field visit to site on January 11, 1995.

3 Description based on field visit to site on January 11, 1995.

4 Arnold B. Johnson, The Modern Lighthouse Service (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1889, p. 25.

5 Margaret Jones, Ranger at Elk Neck State Park, letter to Ralph Eshelman, January 16, 1995 states that Park Manager Richard Bowers claims metal spiral stairs existed at one point in the tower. Turbyville, p. 11 claims the steps were cast-iron. Photograph in the Turkey Point Lighthouse file, Historian's Office, USCG Headquarters, Washington, D.C. and copy in National Maritime Initiative Office files, and Milton Hartig oral communication to Ralph Eshelman, USCG, Curtis Bay Facility, Baltimore, Maryland, February 9, 1995 do not support this statement and instead indicate a wooden staircase. Holland Maryland Lighthouses of the Chesapeake Bay: An Illustrated History, chapter 2, p. 4, states wooden stairs were originally present. Copy of Jones letter is in National Maritime Initiative Office, Turkey Point Light File, National Park Service, Washington, D.C.

6Linda Turbyville, Bay Beacons: Lighthouses of the Chesapeake Bay (Eastwind Publishers: Annapolis, 1995), pp. 11-13.

7 The above descriptions are based on photographs in the Turkey Point Lighthouse file of the Historian's Office, USCG Headquarters, and National Maritime Initiative Office, National Park Service, Washington, D.C.; and a letter from Orin M. Bullock, Jr. to Orlando Ridout IV, dated April 10, 1971 a copy of which is in the Maritime Initiative Office.

8 The above descriptions are based on photographs in the Turkey Point Lighthouse file of the Historian's Office, USCG Headquarters, and National Maritime Initiative Office, National Park Service, Washington, D.C.; letter from Orin M. Bullock, Jr. to Orlando Ridout IV, dated April 10, 1971; and letter from Margaret C. Jones to Ralph E. Eshelman January 16, 1995 with copy of two photographs from the Elk Neck State Park files; all in the Maritime Initiative Office Turkey Point Light file. Building plans for the fog signal tower, also in the file, called for four-over-four windows and was sided eight feet by eight feet. Perhaps the structure was not built as per the plans or the nine foot dimension is in error.

9 The above descriptions are based on photographs in the Turkey Point Lighthouse file of the Historian's Office, USCG Headquarters, and National Maritime Initiative Office, National Park Service, Washington, D.C.; interview with Margaret C. Jones, Park Ranger, Elk Neck State Park, by Ralph Eshelman, January 11, 1995; and letter from Jones to Eshelman January 16, 1995 and copies of two photographs from the park files, all in the Maritime Initiative Office Turkey Point Light file.

10 The period of significance is based on the period during which the light station was manned; i.e., from commissioning until automation, 1833 - 1948.

11 Robert O. Smith, "Fannie Salter - America's Last Woman Lighthouse Keeper," The Weather Gauge, volume 23, number 2 (Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels, Maryland, 1987), p. 18.

12 Lighthouse Board, Annual Report, 1868; 1869; 1880; and 1885; Joseph R. Grant, "History of The Turkey Point Lighthouse," The Upper Shoreman (July, 1968), 7(2):23, 27, 91 (this is the same article as published in the Bulletin of the Historical Society of Cecil County, Number 32 (Bohemia Village, Maryland, May 20, 1968) and "Brief History of the Turkey Point Lighthouse, given at the Winter meeting of the Historical Society of Cecil County, January 20th, 1968 at the Presbyterian Church House, Elkton, Maryland); "Turkey Point light-station, MD." U.S. Coast Guard Records, National Archives, Washington, D.C.; and Holland, "Maryland Lighthouses of the Chesapeake Bay: An Illustrated History," chapter 2, p. 16

13 Lighthouse Board, Annual Report, 1888; "Turkey Point light-station, MD." U.S. Coast Guard Records, National Archives, Washington, D.C.; and Grant, p. 23.

14 "Turkey Point light-station, MD." U.S. Coast Guard Records, National Archives, Washington, D.C.; "Turkey Point Lighthouse National Register of Historic Places Registration Form" dated March 8, 1988; Lighthouse Board, Annual Report, 1888; 1889; 1895; 1897; 1899; and 1929, p. 25; Questionnaire Covering Real Estate Owned by the United States, Turkey Point Light Station, April 7, 1930, Records Group 26, National Archives; "Description of Light Station Turkey Point Smith, March 3, 1938," n. p.; Turbyville, p. 13; USCG Work Order Book from the Lazaretto Lighthouse Depot, archives of the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels, Maryland (catalog number CBMM 68-110-21); letter from Orin M. Bullock, Jr. to Orlando Ridout IV, dated April 10, 1971; and letter from J. M. Vaughn to Dean Rice, dated May 18, 1993; copies on file at the National Maritime Initiative Office, National Park Service, Washington, D.C.

15 Wendy Heister Gilbert, "Lighthouse: Turkey Point site gives visitors a unique vista," Cecil Whig (February 16, 1990), p. A1; and The Keepers Log (Winter 1993), p. 31.

16 "Turkey Point light-house, Md.;" de Gast, p. 119; Mary Louise Clifford and J. Candace Clifford, Women Who Kept the Lights: An Illustrated History of Female Lighthouse Keepers (Cypress Communications, Williamsburg, Virginia, 1993), pp. 146-149, and 162; Rick Smith, "History Note: Turkey Point Light Guided Sailors Home," no date, no source, copy in Turkey Point Light file, National Maritime Initiative Office; and Grant, p. 27. H.C. Adamson, Keepers of the Lights (New York, Greenberg, 1955) p. 167 asserts incorrectly that Mrs. Brumfield ran the station from "1873 to 1919." The date Stowe began service varies from 1919 to 1920 according to source. Elaine Eff of the Maryland Historical Trust's Office of Cultural Conservation Programs conducted an oral history interview in 1990 with Olga Crouch, daughter of Fannie May Salter. Mrs. Crouch recounts her remembrances of living at the Turkey Point Light. This interview is available from the Maryland Historical Trust office at Crownsville, Maryland. The tape is part of Eff's "Keepers and Kin: Inside the Chesapeake Bay's Lighthouses" oral history project.

17 Lighthouse Board, Annual Report, 1921, p. 60, and 1923, p. 55; and C. W. Salter letter to Superintendent of Lighthouses, Turkey Point Light, May 14, 1923, File 2238-E, Correspondence, Bureau of Lighthouses, 1911-1939, National Archives, Washington, D.C.

18 quote from de Gast, p. 119; Clifford and Clifford, pp. 146-149, and 162.

19 Clifford and Clifford, pp. 146-149, and 162; W. W. Wilson, "Modern Conveniences Boon to Only Woman Lighthouse Keeper in Country," USCG Press Release, undated but copy in Turkey Point Lighthouse file, National Maritime Initiative Office, National Park Service, Washington, D.C.; Grant, pp. 27 and 91; and Smith, pp. 18-20. Grant claims Salter range the fog bell by hand all night while most accounts claim she only rang the fog bell during a 55 minute passage of a steamer. See also New York Times (January 31. 1984), 31:8.

20 Grant, pp. 27 and 91.

21 Wendy Heister Gilbert, "Lighthouse: Turkey Point site gives visitors a unique vista," Cecil Whig (February 16, 1990), p. A1; and The Keepers Log (Winter 1993), p. 31.

NPS Form 10-900 USDI/NPS NRHP Registration Form (Rev. 8-86) OMB No. 1024-0018

TURKEY POINT LIGHT STATION Page 1

United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service National Register of Historic Places Registration Form