World War I Commemoration: 100 Year Anniversary

Please search the image and resource galleries at the bottom of the page for images, articles, documents and publications detailing the Coast Guard's involvement in World War I

The U. S. Coast Guard & U.S. Lighthouse Service in World War I

Crew of the USCGC TAMPA

    April 6th, 2017, marks the 100th anniversary of the Coast Guard’s entry into World War I and the Service’s important role in supporting the war effort.  It was on Friday, April 6th, 1917, the day Congress declared war on Germany, that the U.S. Navy’s communications center in Arlington, Virginia, transmitted the code words “Plan One, Acknowledge” to Coast Guard cutters, units and bases initiating the Coast Guard’s transfer from the Treasury Department to the Navy and placing the Service on a wartime footing.

     During the war’s nearly nineteen months, the Coast Guard and Lighthouse Service would lose almost two hundred men and five ships. These ships included two combat losses. On August 6th, 1918, U-140 sank the Diamond Shoals Lightship after her crew transmitted to shore the location of the marauding enemy submarine, but no lives were lost. However, on September 26th, 1918, after completing her convoy escort duty from Gibraltar to Milford Haven, England, Cutter Tampa was torpedoed by UB-91. The cutter sank killing all 131 persons on board, including four U.S. Navy men, sixteen Royal Navy personnel and 111 Coast Guard officers and men. It proved America’s greatest World War I naval loss of life due to combat.

    Nearly 9,000 Coast Guard men and women would participate in the war. This number included over 200 Coast Guard officers, many of whom served as warship commanders, troop ship captains, training camp commandants and naval air station commanders. In all, Coast Guard heroes received two Distinguished Service Medals, eight Gold Life-Saving Medals, almost a dozen foreign honors and nearly fifty Navy Cross Medals, dozens more than were awarded to Coast Guardsmen in World War II.

 

Department of Homeland Security World War I Centennial Poster Series

The U.S. Coast Guard during the First World War

Department of Homeland Security and the First World War

World War I Image Gallery
Barber's Point Lighthouse, Hawaii
FIRST BARBER'S POINT LIGHT TOWER, CIRCA 1915
Barber's Point Lighthouse, Hawaii
SECOND BARBER'S POINT LIGHT TOWER, CIRCA 1976
Barber's Point Lighthouse, Hawaii
SECOND BARBER'S POINT LIGHT TOWER, CIRCA 1934
Baltimore Light, Maryland; no photo number; copy negative number 072365-11; "Baltimore Light, 1901"; photographer unknown.
Baker Island Lighthouse, Massachusetts, circa late 1940s.
Baltimore Light, Maryland; no photo number; caption: "Installation of 4,600 [pound] atomic generator SNAP-7B in Baltimore Light by U.S. Coast Guard buoy tender WHITE PINE"; 20 May 1964; photo by "Meyer, PHC, USCG."
BAKER SHOAL REAR RANGE LIGHT, Delaware, CIRCA 1933
BALD HEAD "OLD BALDY" LIGHT, North Carolina
Back River Lighthouse, Virginia
Ballast Point Lighthouse, California
Baker Island Lighthouse, Maine
Baker Island Lighthouse, Massachusetts, circa 1925
Año Nuevo Island Lighthouse, California, 1872
Avery Rock Lighthouse, Maine
Alcatraz Lighthouse, California, 1909
Arecibo Lighthouse, Puerto Rico
Assateague Light, Virginia; no photo number/caption; date/photographer unknown.
Anclote Key Lighthouse, Florida; no photo number/caption/date; photographer unknown.
Alki Point Lighthouse, Washington
Aransas Pass Lighthouse, Texas
World War I Resources
Historic Light Station Information
AK
Alaska
LHAK.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
NH
New Hampshire
LHNH.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
OH
Ohio
LHOH.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
AL
Alabama
LHAL.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
NJ
New Jersey
LHNJ.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
MS
Mississippi
LHMS.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
TX
Texas
LHTX.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
WA
Washington
LHWA.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
HI
Hawaii
LHHI.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
ME
Maine
LHME.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
IL
Illinois
LHIL.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
AWI
West Indies / Virgin Islands
LHAWI.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
LA
Louisiana
LHLA.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
MN
Minnesota
LHMN.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
CT
Connecticut
LHCT.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
MD
Maryland
LHMD.PDF
Lighthouse Evolution & Typology
by Dr. Robert Browning
LHEVOLUTION.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
MI
Michigan
LHMI.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
Cuba
LHCUBA.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
MA
Massachusetts
LHMA.PDF