World War I Commemoration: 100 Year Anniversary

Please search the image and resource galleries at the bottom of the page for images, articles, documents and publications detailing the Coast Guard's involvement in World War I

The U. S. Coast Guard & U.S. Lighthouse Service in World War I

Crew of the USCGC TAMPA

    April 6th, 2017, marks the 100th anniversary of the Coast Guard’s entry into World War I and the Service’s important role in supporting the war effort.  It was on Friday, April 6th, 1917, the day Congress declared war on Germany, that the U.S. Navy’s communications center in Arlington, Virginia, transmitted the code words “Plan One, Acknowledge” to Coast Guard cutters, units and bases initiating the Coast Guard’s transfer from the Treasury Department to the Navy and placing the Service on a wartime footing.

     During the war’s nearly nineteen months, the Coast Guard and Lighthouse Service would lose almost two hundred men and five ships. These ships included two combat losses. On August 6th, 1918, U-140 sank the Diamond Shoals Lightship after her crew transmitted to shore the location of the marauding enemy submarine, but no lives were lost. However, on September 26th, 1918, after completing her convoy escort duty from Gibraltar to Milford Haven, England, Cutter Tampa was torpedoed by UB-91. The cutter sank killing all 131 persons on board, including four U.S. Navy men, sixteen Royal Navy personnel and 111 Coast Guard officers and men. It proved America’s greatest World War I naval loss of life due to combat.

    Nearly 9,000 Coast Guard men and women would participate in the war. This number included over 200 Coast Guard officers, many of whom served as warship commanders, troop ship captains, training camp commandants and naval air station commanders. In all, Coast Guard heroes received two Distinguished Service Medals, eight Gold Life-Saving Medals, almost a dozen foreign honors and nearly fifty Navy Cross Medals, dozens more than were awarded to Coast Guardsmen in World War II.

 

Department of Homeland Security World War I Centennial Poster Series

The U.S. Coast Guard during the First World War

Department of Homeland Security and the First World War

World War I Image Gallery
Alpena Lighthouse, Michigan
Amelia Island Lighthouse, Florida; no photo number/caption/date; photographer unknown.
ALGOMA PIERHEAD LIGHTHOUSE, 1932
Ashtabula Lighthouse, Ohio
Alcatraz Lighthouse, California, 1854
Absecon Lighthouse, New Jersey
ALGOMA PIERHEAD LIGHTHOUSE, 1893
Ambrose "Texas Tower" Light Structure, New York
Annisquam Harbor Lighthouse, Massachusetts
Au Sable Light, Michigan
Avery Point Lighthouse, Connecticut
ALLIGATOR REEF LIGHTHOUSE, Florida; no photo number/caption/date; photographer unknown.
Anacapa Island Light, California
Año Nuevo Island Lighthouse, California, 1890
Angel Island Lighthouse, California
Alpena Lighthouse, Michigan
American Shoal Lighthouse, Florida; no photo number/caption/date; photographer unknown.
Ashland Harbor Breakwater Light, Wisconsin
Station Pea Island, North Carolina
USLSS Station #17, Sixth District
Coast Guard Station #177
Petty Officer First Class Maxie Berry, Sr., USCG  
BM1c Maxie Berry, Sr., Officer in Charge of the historic Pea Island Station, scans the seas near the Pea Island Station in the early 1940's.
No photo number/date; probably 1942.
Station Pea Island, North Carolina
USLSS Station #17, Sixth District
 Coast Guard Station #177
Station] 177 (Pea Island) 7-16-17, 7th Dist., Looking northwest."; dated 16 July 1917.  No photo number; photographer unknown. 
The Pea Island Station as it appeared in 1917.
World War I Resources
Lighthouse Evolution & Typology
by Dr. Robert Browning
LHEVOLUTION.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
CT
Connecticut
LHCT.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
MI
Michigan
LHMI.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
Cuba
LHCUBA.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
IL
Illinois
LHIL.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
MA
Massachusetts
LHMA.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
FL
Florida
LHFL.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
GA
Georgia
LHGA.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
DE
Delaware
LHDE.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
IN
Indiana
LHIN.PDF
Historic Light Station Information
CA
California
LHCA.PDF
Oral History Interview with Harriet writer, SPA
]Interviewed by C. Douglas Kroll
Harriet Writer Oral History
Oral History Interview with Keith Williams
Interviewed by C Douglas Kroll
Keith Williams Oral History
Oral History Interview with Captain Donald M. Taub
Interviewed by C. Douglas Kroll
Donald M. Taub Oral History
Oral History with Jack R. Sutherlin
Interviewed by C. Douglas Kroll
Jack R. Sutherlin Oral Hi...
Oral History with ETCM Melvin K. Bell
Interviewed by C. Douglas Kroll
Melvin K. Bell Oral History
Oral History with Marvin J. Perrett
Interviewed by Scott T. Price
Marvin J. Perrett Oral Hi...
Fireman Heriberto Segovia “Eddie” Hernandez
“The Boxer”
by Mark A. Snell
SNELL-HERIBERTO-HERNANDEZ...
Lieutenant Jack Columbus Rittichier:
“James Dean and Marlon Brando All in One Package”
by Mark A. Snell
SNELL-JACK-RITTICHIER-BIO...
USS Douglas Munro DE-422
U.S. Coast Guard
MUNRO_DE422.PDF