U.S. Coast Guard Historian's Office
2703 Martin Luther King, Jr., Ave, SE
Washington, DC 20593-7031


U.S. Coast Guard Museum
Coast Guard Academy - Waesche Hall
15 Mohegan Ave
New London, CT 06320-8100

Contacting us:  U.S.C.G. Historian's Office

Missions

When originally established in 1790 Congress authorized the Coast Guard to protect the nation's revenue through enforcing tariff laws and preventing smuggling.  As the nation grew though, so did the mission-set of the nation's oldest federal sea service. 

Today the Coast Guard has eleven statutory missions (listed in order of percentage of total operating expenses):

Mission

The mission of the United States Coast Guard is to ensure our Nation's maritime safety, security and stewardship.

 Vision

Service to Nation
We will serve our Nation through the selfless performance of our missions.

Duty to People
We will honor our duty to protect those we serve and those who serve with us.

Commitment to Excellence
We will commit ourselves to excellence by supporting and executing our operations in a proficient and professional manner.

The Coast Guard manages six major operational mission programs: The operational mission programs oversee 11 Missions codified in the Homeland Security Act of 2002. That act delineates the 11 missions as “homeland security” or “non-homeland security” missions. 

  1. Ports, Waterways & Coastal Security
  2. Drug Interdiction
  3. Aids to Navigation (ATON: including maintaining the nation's lighthouses, buoys & VTS; also legacy ATON missions including lightships & LORAN)
  4. Search & Rescue (SAR)
  5. Living Marine Resources
  6. Marine Safety
  7. Defense Readiness (National Security & Military Preparedness)
  8. Migrant Interdiction
  9. Maritime Environmental Protection
  10. Polar, Ice & Alaska Operations (including the International Ice Patrol)
  11. Law Enforcement (including Prohibition Enforcement History)

Homeland Security Missions: Ports, Waterways, and Coastal Security; Drug Interdiction; Migrant Interdiction; Defense Readiness; and Other Law Enforcement

Non-Homeland Security Missions: Marine Safety; Search and Rescue; Aids to Navigation; Living Marine Resources; Marine Environmental Protection; and Ice Operations

Image Gallery
Photograph, the crew of the Pea Island Life-Saving Station, circa 1890s. Keeper Richard Etheridge is on the left.
Coast Guard Archives
Appendix H, correlation chart showing monthly vessel inspections with total number of merchant vessels (1000 gross tons or over)
Statistical Division, US Coast Guard
Appendix C, US Merchant vessels engaged in deep sea trades (1000 gross tons or over), US Merchant vessels sunk since Pearl Harbor
Statistical Division, US Coast Guard
Appendix D, Correlation chart ratio of vessels sunk since Pearl Harbor to vessels engaged in deep sea trade, 1:65
Statistical Division, US Coast Guard
Appendix F, US Merchant vessels sunk since Pearl Harbor
Statistical Division, US Coast Guard
Appendix H1, licenses issues to engineer officers and deck officers, certificates suspended and revoked, licenses suspended and revoked
Statistical Division, US Coast Guard
Appendix E, Personnel on US Merchant vessels (1000 gross tons or over) engaged in deep sea trades
Statistical Division, US Coast Guard
Appendix G, equipment inspections
Statistical Division, US Coast Guard
Appendix H2, original documents issued to Merchant seaman
Statistical Division, US Coast Guard
Appendix H2
Number of Merchant Seamen Issued Original Documents
Appendix H1
Number of Licenses and Certificates Suspended and Revoked
Coast Guard at War - Marine Inspection XIII Appendix G
Monthly Vessel Inspections
Coast Guard at War - Marine Inspection XIII Appendix H
Officer's Licenses Issued, Suspended and Revoked
Appendix B
US Merchant Ship Losses
Photograph of Overland Relief Expedition participants including LT Ellsworth P. Bertholf, Dr. Samuel J. Call, and LT David H. Jarvis.
Coast Guard Archives, Ellsworth P. Bertholf
Resources
USCGC Munro's Part in the Search Rescue & Salvage Operations of the Korean Airline Flight 007 (KAL-007) Shot Down on 1 September 1983 by BMCS Jack Crowley USCG Retired
U.S. Coast Guard Historian's Office Oral History Program
MUNRO_1983KAL007_SAR.PDF
U.S. Coast Guard & Disaster Relief in Indonesia After the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami
U.S. Coast Guard
MUNRO_2004TSUNAMI.PDF
Douglas Munro, baby photograph
U.S. Coast Guard
MUNRO_BABY, CLOSEUP_PIC.PDF
Mrs. Edith Munro Accepting Award
Douglas Munro's mother
U.S. Coast Guard
MUNRO_MRS. EDITH MUNRO, A...
Douglas Munro, wrestling photograph
U.S. Coast Guard
MUNRO_WRESTLING3_PIC.PDF
Mrs. Edith Munro Portrait
Douglas Munro's mother
U.S. Coast Guard
MUNRO_MRS. EDITH MUNRO_PI...
Douglas Munro Guadalcanal Painting
"Douglas A. Munro Covers the Withdrawal of the 7th Marines at Guadalcanal" Artist: Bernard D'Andrea
U.S. Coast Guard
MUNRO_PAINTING_300_PIC.PDF
Douglas Munro, Portrait
U.S. Coast Guard
MUNRODOUGPORTRAIT1_PIC.PDF
Mrs. Edith Munro Accepting Award
Douglas Munro's mother
U.S. Coast Guard
MUNRO_MRS. EDITH MUNRO, A...
Douglas Munro, civilian portrait
U.S. Coast Guard
MUNRO CIVILIAN PORTRAIT_I...
Douglas Munro, sidearm photograph
U.S. Coast Guard
MUNRODOUGSIDEARM_PIC.PDF
Douglas Munro, wrestling photograph
U.S. Coast Guard
MUNRODOUGWRESTLE2_PIC.PDF
Douglas Munro, newspaper clipping, scan
U.S. Coast Guard
NEWSPAPER CLIPPING_INITIA...
USCGC Douglas Munro
U.S. Coast Guard
USCGC MUNRO_PIC.PDF
Douglas Munro Memorial Point Cruz
U.S. Coast Guard
MUNROMEMORIALPOINTCRUZ_PI...
Mrs. Edith Munro
Douglas Munro's mother
U.S. Coast Guard
MUNROEDITHPORTRAIT1_PIC.PDF
Douglas Munro Medal of Honor
U.S. Coast Guard
MUNRODOUGMOHFRONT_PIC.PDF
Douglas Munro Medal of Honor
U.S. Coast Guard
MUNRODOUGMOHR_PIC.PDF
Douglas Munro, wrestling photograph
U.S. Coast Guard
MUNRO_WRESTLING2_PIC.PDF
Douglas Munro, wrestling photograph
U.S. Coast Guard
MUNRODOUGWRESTLE1_PIC.PDF