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Boat, 40' Utility Boat (UTB)

Nov. 26, 2019
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40-Foot Utility Boat


 

Number:         2            40369-40370               Prototype Wood Single Screw                      1950
                      1            40371                        Prototype Wood Twin Screw                        1951
                     17            40372-40373 &                                                                           
                                    40376-40390               Mark I, Model 1 Wood Twin Screw                1951
                      1            40375                        Prototype Steel Twin Screw                         1951

                   131            40391-40491 &         
                                    40493-40501 &         
                                    40505-40518               Mark I Steel Twin Screw                              1951-1952     
                      1            40492                        Mark II Plywood Twin Screw                         1951
                      3            40502-40504               Mark III Plastic Twin Screw                          1952-1953
                     26            40519-40547               Mark IV Steel Twin Screw                            1953-1954
                     40            40548-40589               Mark IV Mod 1 Steel Twin Screw                  1955-1959
                      1            40043                        Mark V Prototype Plastic Single Screw         1959
                      7            40590-40596               Mark V Mod 1 Plastic Single Screw               1961
                     13            40597-40609               Mark VI Plastic Twin Screw                          1962-1966

Total Built:  236
 

Completed:                  8 September 1950 through 16 May 1966

 

Remarks:                     Most units were built by the Coast Guard Yard at Curtis Bay, MD with the exception of the Mark III Plastic and the Mark V Plastic boats.  All 40' UTBs were decommissioned by 1983.  CG 40583 was last boat in service.


 

Cost:                                                                   $47,675 (Mark I 1951) $62,189 (Mark IV 1959)

Hull:                
         Displacement (lbs):                                
21,500(1951); 23,765 (1953)           
         Length:                                                  
40' overall
         Beam                                                      11' 2"
         Draft:                                                      3' 2" max (1951)
 

Machinery:                  
         Main Engines:                                        
2  GMC 6-71 diesels (190 HP)

         BHP:                                                       380
         Propellers:                                              2  20"D x18"P x 1-3/4" bore LH & RH


Performance:              
         Max Speed:                                            
22 knots (Mark I Steel) (1951)
         Cruising Speed                                       15 knots, 190-mile radius (1951)

                                                                        18 knots, 450-mile radius (1953)

Logistics:                   
         Fuel Oil (95%):                                        
228 gallons (1951); 370 gallons (1953)
         Complement:                                          3

Electronics:                
         Radar:                                                    
Some boats equipped with Radar and Radio
Radio Direction Finders                                   Direction Finders

                       


Design


By the end of the 1940s, the original 38' cabin picket boats and 30' motor rescue boats were rapidly wearing out and had become obsolete given the significant increase in missions for the Coast Guard, including general marine law enforcement, recreational boating safety, environmental protection, and port security.  Newer and faster designs were needed with better towing capabilities in order to respond to these operational requirements.

 

The first new design to be developed by the Coast Guard in 1949 for this purpose was the 40' utility boat (UTB).  This design was first tested by means of an extensive modification of a 38' cabin picket boat, rebuilding it to simulate the layout of the proposed 40' design.  The first of these boats CG 40369 was completed in 1950. It was powered by a single GMC 6-110 Diesel 275 HP engine.  Sea trials resulted in very favorable reviews and the new boat was put in service at Sandy Hook NJ Lifeboat Station. A second boat in this configuration was built but these boats were only capable of achieving a speed of 18.5 knots when 20 knots was the design criteria.  Following these trials, the Coast Guard Engineering Staff decided to switch to a twin screw configuration and install 2 GMC 6-71 engines of 190 HP each.  In February 1951 the wood hull CG 40371 and steel hull CG40375 utility boats were put into service. They were turned over to The Coast Guard Field Testing and Development Unit for evaluation.  The trials revealed that the steel hulled boat should be modified because the wood hulled boat provided superior comfort and resistance to pounding in heavy seas as well as drier deck surfaces. It also had better visibility for the Coxswain.  The steel boat was capable of 22.5 knots and the wooden boat a little over 20 knots.  With the trials completed both boats were delivered to operating units. 

 

At this point all Engineering efforts were directed to designing a steel boat with sea qualities approaching those of the wooden boat.  This was accomplished by pinching in and adding a little greater flare to the bow.  These simple modifications achieved a boat with better sea-riding qualities as well as an improved underwater fineness.  This concluded the 40-foot Mark I design program.

 

Mark I Utility Boat Production

The Coast Guard Yard had a requirement to build 125 boats to replace those in service and to meet new requirements.  The Yard had never built boats in large quantities or to a tight schedule.  Therefore they set up a production line with prefabricated sub-assemblies. This assembly line technique commenced operation in June 1951.  The planned rate of delivery was one boat per day and this was reached in July 1951 and continued for the construction of over 100 boats.  During this time 15 Model 1 wooden boats were built as well and additional steel boats for the US Navy and the Military Assistance Program.  In 1951, the Coast Guard Yard built 27 Mark I Model 2 boats for the French Navy for service in Viet Nam. No interior control station was installed, a 50 Cal. Machine gun mount on bow and a 20 mm Cannon on the stern in place of tow bit. In 1955, the remainders of these boats were transferred to start the South Viet Nam Navy.

 

Mark II Utility Boat.

The Coast Guard Yard built one twin screw 40-foot Utility boat with a marine plywood hull in November 1951.  The mechanical components of the Mark I boats were installed: Twin GMC 6-71 Diesel engines and 20" x 18" propellers. She had a cruise speed of 18.5 knots and a 192 mile range.  She was attached to the Yard's Testing and Development Division of the Office of Engineering for evaluation.

 

Mark III Utility Boat

In 1952 and 1953, the Coast Guard contracted with Anchorage Plastics Corp. of Warren, RI to build 3 single screw plastic 40-foot Utility boats.  The mechanical components of the Mark I boats were installed: Twin GMC 6-71 Diesel engines and 20" x 18" propellers. She had a cruise speed of 20 knots and a 192 mile range.  One of these boats was attached to the Yard's Testing and Development Division of the Office of Engineering for evaluation.

 

40-foot Utility Boat Competition

In May 1952 a comparative operational test was conducted by the Coast Guard Yard's Testing and Development Unit utilizing one Mark I Steel UTB, one Mark II Plywood UTB, and one Mark III Plastic UTB.  These boats were comparison tested during the period of 9 June through 4 July between Norfolk, VA and Cape May, NJ.  These tests concluded that although there were certain areas where each boat excelled, the steel boat's superior ruggedness made it capable of withstanding the greatest amount of abuse.

 

Mark IV Utility Boat

In 1954, the Utility boats had been in service for 18 months. The Office of Search and Rescue had recommended certain configuration changes.  The Coast Guard Naval Engineering section drafted plans for a Mark IV version of the 40-foot UTB.  The changes incorporated in the Mar IV version were:

  • Engines and Pilothouse were moved 2 feet aft.
  • Refinement to the propeller shaft struts, rudders, and aft parts of the hull bottom.
  • Enlarged fuel tanks increasing capacity from 228 gallons to 370 gallons. (Subsequent trials indicated that this increased the boats speed by 4 knots and range by 175 miles.)
  • Canvas Canopy installed over the outside steering station.

     

    Mark IV  Mod 1 Utility Boat

    In 1955, the Mark IV Mod 1 was developed.  The modification included:

  • Redesign Cabin Windows
  • Remove Engine Box Louvers
  • Lighted Instrument Panels
  • Use of Plexiglas discontinued
  • Coxswain's platform on outside station raised
  • Pilothouse door hinged to swing outward.

     

    The steel 40-foot utility boat building program was completed in 1959.

     

    Mark V Utility Boat

    In 1959, the Coast Guard contracted with W.R. Chance and Associates of Waldorf, MD to build one plastic and fiberglass single screw utility boat of Coast Guard design.  The boat was designed for Captain of the Port (COTP) surveillance and inshore rescue duties.  This boat was attached to the Yard's Testing and Development Division of the Office of Engineering for evaluation.  Following sea trials, she was assigned to an operating unit.

     

    Mark V Mod 1 Utility Boat

    In 1961, the Coast Guard contracted with Universal Molded Fiberglass to build seven Mark V Mod 1 single screw plastic and fiberglass boats. She was powered by a GMC 6-71 Model 612IT 300 HP @ 2300 RPM with a V-drive.  The single screw boat proved not to be as efficient as the twin screw boats. The single engine V-drive proved not to be reliable.

     

    Mark VI Utility Boat

    In 1962, the unreliability of the Mark V, Mod 1 led to the development of the Mark VI plastic boat.  The Mark VI was designed with twin Cummins V-6 Turbo-charged diesel engines producing 260 HP @3000 RPM to increase speed and durability.  She had a speed of 25 knots and a range of 200 miles.  The Coast Guard Yard constructed 13 Mark VI boats between 1962 and 1966.  The UTB building program ended in 1966.


 

 

Images

 

CG 38771

38-foot Picket Boat Modified to 40-foot UTB Layout

 

 

 

CG 40369

CG 40369 Prototype Single Screw Wood Boat

 

 

 

 

CG 40376

CG 40376 Mark I Model 1 Twin Screw Wood Boat

 

 

 

 

 

CG 40380

CG 40380 Mark I Model 1 Twin Screw Wood Boat

 

 

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