Immigration and Migrant Interdiction & the U.S. Coast Guard

Historical Bibliography


Adams, Michael R. and Raymond Fullerton. "The Cuban Exodus Revisited." Naval Institute Proceedings (Aug 1981), pp. 91-94.

Atkinson, William. "Fate of the Xin Ji Li Hou." Commandant's Bulletin (Jul 1995), pp. 6-8.

Bandrowsky, Veronica. "Working Overtime." Coast Guard (Nov 1997), pp. 12-13.

Banet-Weiser, Sarah. “Elian Gonzales and the Purpose of America, Nation, Family, and the Child-Ditizen.” American Quarterly 55, #2 (June 2003), pp. 149-178.

Billeaudeaux, Andre. "Changing Tactics in the Mona Pass." Commandant's Bulletin (Feb 1996), pp. 4-5.

Bippert, Jeff & Gregory Magee. "Turning the Refugee Tide." Coast Guard (Jan 1999), pp. 16-17.

Bond, George D. "Stemming the Haitian Tide." Naval Institute Proceedings 112 (Aug 1986), pp. 104-106.

Brannan, Liz. "CG Ends Chinese Passage." Commandant's Bulletin (Jul 1994), pp. 2-3.

________. "Migrant-Smuggling Voyage Comes to an End." Commandant's Bulletin (Jun 1995), pp. 2-5.

Brogdon, W.J. "Patrolling the Boatlift." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Sep/Oct 1980), pp. 16-21.

Cass, William F. "Cuban Exodus." Naval Institute Proceedings 92 (Jun 1966), pp. 46-55.

Charles, Carolle.  “Political Refugees or Economic Immigrants?  A New ‘Old Debate’ Within the Haitian Immigrant Communities but with Contestants and Divisions.” Journal of American Ethnic History 25, No. 2-3 (Winter-Spring 2008), pp. 190-208.

Cihelka, Carolyn. “Desperation + Determination = Danger: Violent Behavior of Cuban Migrants Resisting Interdiction Endangers Rescuers and Rescuees Alike.”  Coast Guard Magazine (October, 2000), pp. 18-22.

Churgin, Michael J. “Mass Exodus: The Response of the United States.” International Migration Review 30, No. 1 (1996), pp. 310-324.

“Clinton Condemns Coast Guard Action on Cubans.” New York Times, July 14, 1999, p. A-20.

"Coast Guard Reservists Called-up to Replace Active Personnel Involved in Cuban Exodus." Reserve Officers Association of the United States The Officer (Sep 1980), p. 18.

"Commandant [ADM John Hayes] Urges Cuban Response." Commandant's Bulletin (May 19 1980), p. 4.

Copeland, Ronald.  “The 1980 Cuban Crisis: Some Observations.” Journal of Refugee Resettlement (August 1981), pp. 22-32.

________. “The Cuban Boatlift of 1980: Strategies in Federal Crisis Management.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 467, No. 1 (1983), pp. 138-150.

"Cuban Crisis [Mariel Boatlift] Drain on Service Noted by Congressman [Mario] Biaggi [D- NY]." Commandant's Bulletin (Sep 8 1980), p. 4.

"The Cuban Sealift: All in a Day's Work for the Coast Guard." U.S. News and World Report LXXXVIII (Jun 9, 1980), p. 62.

DeVine, Chris. "Smugglers Blues." Commandant's Bulletin (Nov 1995), pp. 4-5.

Dye, Joe. "Cubans Sail for U.S. in Record Numbers." Commandant's Bulletin (Jun 1991), pp. 2-3.

Faust, Allen. "Patrolling the Freedom Flotilla." Commandant's Bulletin (Jul 7 1980), pp. 6-14.

Fedarko, Kevin.  "Haiti: Policy at Sea."  Time, Vol. 144, No. 3 (Jul 18, 1994), pp. 20-24.

Fenton, Leslie K., Jr. "The Umpteenth Cuban Confrontation." Naval Institute Proceedings 106 (Jul 1980), pp. 40-45.

Folkins, Greg. "Pacific Interception [ Chih Yung ]." Coast Guard (Nov 1998), pp. 12-13.

French, Dave.  "Standoff at Sea: An Increasing Number of Illegal Migrants. . .Are Resorting to Violence to Earn Passage to the United States." Coast Guard (Sep 1999), pp. 12-15.

Jones, Bob. "Haitian Migrant Interdiction Operations-Chase Report." Commandant's Bulletin (Jan 25 1982), pp. 8-14.

"Haitians Continue to Flee." Commandant's Bulletin (Jul 1992), pp. 2-3.

"Haitians Flee Homeland." Commandant's Bulletin (Jan 1992), pp. 2-6.

Hall, Dennis. "Going Home [M/V Lapas No. 3]." Coast Guard (Nov 1997), pp. 10-11.

"Hamilton and Chase Interdict Haitian Boats." Commandant's Bulletin (Nov 16 1981), pp. 3-4.

Hardy, Cameron. "Tale of the East Wood: What Began as an Alleged Act of Piracy or a High-Seas Hijacking Turned Out to be a Major Smuggling Operation. . ." Commandant's Bulletin (Apr 1993), pp. 2-5.

Harrington, Shelby. "Out of Ecuador: When the CGC Thetis Tried to Hail the Fishing Vessel Viviana II. . ."  Coast Guard (May 2000), pp. 12-13.

Howard, Scott. “It Never Hurts to Have a Plan: When the CGC Spencer Headed for the Caribbean This Summer, They Knew What They Were Getting Into – and They Made Sure They Were Ready for the Worst.” Coast Guard Magazine (October, 2000), p. 23.

Howe, Jim C. "Cuban Influx Still On Rise." Commandant's Bulletin (Apr 1994), p. 8.

Jones, Bob. "Haitian Migrant Interdiction Operations -- Chase Report -- The Patrol." Commandant's Bulletin #4-82 (Jan 25 1982), pp. 8-14.

Kaplan, Herbert R. "Castro's 'Berlin Wall.'" Sea Power XIV (Nov 1971), pp. 14-20.

________. "The Coast Guard's Cuban Patrol." Navy the Magazine of Sea Power (Mar 1965), pp. 3-9.

Knott, Dick. "Workaday SAR: Coast Guard Miami." Naval Aviation News (Apr 1981), pp. 18-23.

Kramek, Joseph E. "The Crowded Deck." Naval Institute Proceedings 119 (Dec 1993), pp. 48-53.

Leonard, John N. "The Coast Guard and Haitian Migrant Interdiction Operations in 2004." Joint Center for Operational Analysis and Lessons Learned (JCOA-LL) Bulletin Vol. VI, No. 4 (Sep 2004), pp. 66-71.

Luke, Ivan T. “Shooting From the Hip.” Naval Institute Proceedings (July 1997).

Mann, Clyde R. "Asylum Denied: The Vigilant Incident." Naval War College Review (May 1971), pp. [*****]

Meade, James J. "'Vigilant' Revisited." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Mar-Apr 1972), pp. 41-48.

"The Migrant Problem." Commandant's Bulletin (Aug 1993), pp. 2-5.

Miller, Alan F. "The Olo Yumi Incident." Naval Institute Proceedings 106 (Oct 1980), p. 51.

"Nightmare off Gay Head: The Case of Rejected Lithuanian Sailor, Simonas [sic] Kudirka." Newsweek LXXVI (Dec 14, 1970), p. 46.

Noble, Dennis L. “The Golden Venture: Where Migrant Interdiction and Search and Rescue Collided.”  Wreck & Rescue 11, #3 (2006), pp. 21-23.

_______. “Lessons Unlearned: The Camarioca Boatlift.”  Naval History 23, #4 (Aug 2009), pp. 44-49.

Nolan, Mary I. "’What the Coast Guard is All About [Operation Able Vigil].’" Sea Power (Nov 1994), pp. 41-43.

"The Old Manning [takes disabled Cuban schooner Sunbeam in tow; suspected of smuggling Chinese aliens]." Coast Guard Magazine (Dec 1932), pp. 34-35.

Regan, Paul M. "Cuban Refugees Revisited [ CGC Unimak ]." Commandant's Bulletin #3-82 (Jan 11 1982), pp. 12-13.

Rosenholm, Glenn. "Close to Home." Coast Guard (Jun 1999), pp. 25-27.

Sapp, Stephen C. "Northland Rescues 96 Victimized Haitians." Commandant's Bulletin (Feb 1991), p. 21.

"SAR Challenged by [ Cuban ] Refugees [ Mariel ]." Commandant's Bulletin (May 26 1980), pp. 8-9.

Scheina, Robert L. "The Cuban Exodus of 1980." Naval Institute Proceedings 106 (Oct 1980), pp. 44-51.

________. "Search and Rescue in the Straits of Florida." Life-boat International VI (1980), pp. 5-8.

"Sea Lift from Cuba to Key West." Newsweek XCV (May 5, 1980), pp. 59-60.

Short, Paul. "Boat Ride to Freedom." Profile XXIV (Nov 1980), pp. 20-24.

Smith, Charles. "Fighting for Survival at Sea." Coast Guard (Jun 1999), p. 29.

"Smuggling Aliens [capture of SS Manta by CG-231 for smuggling illegal aliens]." Coast Guard Magazine (Jul 1929), p. 33.

Soto, Gibran.  "Smuggling Human Cargo."  Coast Guard   (Feb 1999), pp. 10-11.

Thomas, Vincent C., Jr. “Search and Interdict.” Sea Power 27, No. 9 (August 1984), pp. 25-43.

Toledo, Brenda Flint & Doug Schwalm. "CG Stops Chinese [M/V New Star I & M/V Chin Wing ]: Navy, INS Help Break Up Immigrant Smuggling Ring." Commandant's Bulletin (Jan 1990), p. 9.

Travis, Bill. "Operation Able Manner." Commandant's Bulletin (Mar 1993), pp. 2-3.

"Turning the Refugee Tide."  Coast Guard  (Jan 1999), pp. 16-17.

Waldschmidt, Dan. "Dangerous Voyage." Commandant's Bulletin (Feb 1996), pp. 2-4.

________. “411 Haitians Rescued off South Florida.” Coastline (May 1994), pp. 1, 6.

________. "Haitian Interdiction Continues." Commandant's Bulletin (Nov 16 1981), pp. 8-15.

________. “Haitian Migrant Rescues Soars.” Coastline (July 1995), pp. 1, 4-6.

________. “Haitian Rescues Illustrate Importance of ‘Able Manner.’”  Coastline (February 1994), p. 1.

________. "Mercy Mission...Operation Able Manner." Commandant's Bulletin (Oct 1994), pp. 2-5.

________. "Operation Able Vigil." Commandant's Bulletin (Nov 1994), pp. 2-5.

Wester, Richard J. “Learning From Operation Able Manner.” Naval Institute Proceedings 137 (Aug 2011), pp. 34-39.

Books and Government Publications

Ackerman, Holly.  “The Cuban Rafter Phenomenon: A Unique Sea Experience.”  Latino Studies 3 (2005), pp. 417-420.

Chin, Ko-Lin.  Smuggled Chinese: Clandestine Immigration to the United States.  Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1994.

Clark, Juan M., Jose I. Lasaga, & Rose S. Reque.  The 1980 Mariel Exodus: An Assessment and Prospect.  Washington, DC: The Council for Inter-American Security, 1981.

Cornelisu, Wayne A. Illegal Migration to the United States: Recent Research Findings, Policy Implications, and Research Priorities.  Cambridge, MA: Center for International Studies, MIT, 1977.

Demo, Anne Teresa. “The After Image: Immigration Policy after Elian [Gonzalez].” Rhetoric & Public Affairs 19 (Spring 2007), pp. 27-49.

Engerstrom, David Wells.  Presidential Decision Making Adrift: The Carter Administration and the Muriel Boatlift.  Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1997.

Greenhill, Kelly M. Weapons of Mass Migration: Forced Displacement, Coercion, and Foreign Policy. (Cornell Studies in Security Affairs series). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2010.

Kurdirka, Simas and Larry Eichel. For Those Still at Sea: The Defection of a Lithuanian Sailor. New York: The Dial Press, 1978.

Larzelere, Alex. Castro's Ploy--America's Dilemma: The 1980 Cuban Boatlift. Washington: National Defense University Press, 1988; reprint: The University Press of the Pacific, 2002.

Masud-Piloto, Felix Roberto. From Welcomed Exiles to Illegal Immigrants: Cuban Migration to the U.S., 1959-1995.  Lanham, MD: Rowman & Li8ttlefield, 1996.

Mesa-Lago, Carmelo. “Cuba’s Raft Exods of 1994: Causes, Settlement, Effects and Future.” North-South Agenda Papers, No. 12 (April 1995), pp. 1-29.

Noble, Dennis L. The U.S. Coast Guard’s War on Human Smuggling.  Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2011.

Ojito, Mirta A. Finding Mañana: A Memoir of a Cuban Exodus.  New York: Penguin Press, 2005.

Parker, Gary.  Guarding the Coast: Alien Migrant Interdiction Operations at Sea.  Report 17-97.  New London, CT: Center for Advanced Studies, U.S. Coast Guard Academy, 1997.

Rivera, Mario A. Decision and Structure: U.S. Refugee Policy in the Mariel Crisis. New York: University Press of America, 1991.

Ruksenas, Algis. Day of Shame. New York: David McKay Co., Inc., 1973.

United States Coast Guard. Report of the Formal Board of Investigation into allegations of improper conduct in connection with recent defection attempt of Soviet crewman to CGC VIGILANT near Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, on 23 Nov 1970. Washington: U.S. Coast Guard, 17 Dec 1970.

United States Congress. House. Amending Naturalization Laws and Creating Division of Coast Guard Patrol in Immigration Bureau. H. Rp. 457, 66th Cong., 1st sess., 1919, Serial 7593.

________.________. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Hearings Before the Subcommittee on State Department Organization and Foreign Operations of the Committee on Foreign Affairs: Attempted Defection By Lithuanian Seaman Simas Kudirka. 91st Cong., 2nd sess. Washington: GPO, 1971.

________.________.________.________. Report. 91st Cong., 2nd sess. Washington: GPO, 1971.

Wasem, Ruth Ellen.  CRS Report for Congress: Cuban Migration Policy and Issues.  Washington, DC: LOC, CRS, 2007.

________. CRS Report for Congress: Haitian Migration: Statistical and Chronological Fact Sheet. Washington, DC: LOC, CRS, 1993.

________. CRS Report for Congress: Immigration Reform: Brief Synthesis of Issue.  Washington, DC: LOC, CRS, 2007.

________. CRS Report for Congress: U.S Immigration Policy on Haitian Migrants. Washington, DC: LOC, CRS, 2007.

________. CRS Report for Congress: U.S Immigration Policy on Haitian Migrants. Washington, DC: LOC, CRS, 2005.

Dissertations and Theses

Ackerman, Holly. “Mass Migration, Nonviolent Social Action, and the Cuban Raft Exodus, 1959-1994: An Analysis of Citizen Motivation and International Politics.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Miami, 1996.

Heydenreich, James G. "The Kudirka Incident, 23 November 1970 – Asylum Denied." Naval Missions and Functions Study, U.S. Naval War College, Nov., 1980.

Parker, Robert C. “Did the USCG Use the Lessons Learned from the 1980 Mariel Boatlift from Cuba in Dealing  with the Haitian Migration Crisis of 1991-92?” Paper, Naval War College, Newport, RI, June 18, 1993.

Rivera, Mario A. "An Evaluative Analysis of the Carter Administration's Policy Toward the Mariel Influx of 1980." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Notre Dame, 1982.