The U.S. Coast Guard in World War II - Captain of the Port, Merchant Marine Safety, and Inspection Programs

Historical Biography


"American Merchant Marine Conference." The Bulletin (Nov 1944), pp. 157-158.

Booth, John K. "Meet the American Seaman." Coast Guard Magazine (Feb 1940), pp. 2-3.

Browning, Robert M., Jr. "The Coast Guard Captains of the Port During World War II," Chap. in To Die Gallantly, The Battle of the Atlantic, edited by Timothy J. Runyan and Jan M. Copes. Boulder: Westview Press, 1994, pp. 295-310.

"C.G. Merchant Marine Units Circle Globe." The Bulletin (Feb 1945), pp. 259-265.

"Captains of Port to Enforce Neutrality Regulations." Coast Guard Bulletin I, 14 (Aug 1940), pp. 102-103.

"Coast Guard Begins Enforcement of New Regulations Governing Vessel Movement in American Ports." Coast Guard Bulletin I, 29 (Nov 1941), pp. 227-228.

"Coast Guard Port Security Work." Proceedings of the Marine Safety Council  2 (Apr 1945), pp. 51-52.

"Coast Guard Seizes French and Finnish Ships." Coast Guard Bulletin I, 31 (Jan 1942), pp. 243-244.

"Coast Guard Takes Over Maritime Training." Coast Guard Magazine (Oct 1938), p. 2.

"Commandant Outlines Responsibilities of Captain of the Port Organization." Coast Guard Bulletin II, 2 (Aug 1942), pp. 16-18.

"The Cruise of the American Seaman." Coast Guard Magazine (Oct 1941), pp. 26-30.

Derby, W.N. "The Merchant Fleet." Coast Guard Magazine (Dec 1941), pp. 31-32.

Foster, Kevin. "CG Marine Safety Mission Expanded..." Commandant's Bulletin (Feb 1992), pp. 20-24.

Frazer, H.F. "'A Marine Inspector?'"The Bulletin (May 1945), pp. 45-48.

Gibson, Charles Dana. "Prisoners of War Vs. Internees: The Merchant Marine Experience of World War II." The American Neptune 54 (Spring, 1994), pp. 187-193.

Halla, P. "US Coast Guard Activities with the Merchant Marine..." Naval Institute Proceedings 73 (Feb 1947), pp. 179-185.

"Hearing Units and Details." Proceedings of the Marine Safety Council 2 (May 1945), pp. 69-70.

[L.E.: Fisheries] Pell, Claiborne. "The Coast Guard Fisheries Mission in Italy." The Bulletin VII, No. 2 (May 1945-41-45.

Land, Emory S. "America's Lifeline..." Coast Guard Magazine (Aug 1941), pp. 36-38.

________. "Our Cross-Eyed Stepchild..." Coast Guard Magazine (Apr 1942), pp. 40-42.

"Loading of Explosives on 4,000 Ships Accomplished Without Major Casualty." Coast Guard Bulletin III, 1 (Jul 1945), pp. 10-12.

"Marked Improvements Made in Coast Guard’s Port Security Program." Coast Guard Bulletin II, 6 (Jan 1943), p. 64.

McIntosh, J. "The Conversion of Cargo Vessels for Use as Training Ships in the United States Maritime Service." Coast Guard Engineers' Digest (Sep 1941), pp. 1-8.

"Merchant Marine Inspection Activities." Coast Guard Bulletin II, 1 (Jul 1942), pp. 11-12; [hereafter published monthly].

"Merchant Marine Training Functions Transferred to War Shipping Administration." Coast Guard Bulletin II, 2 (Aug 1942), p. 14.

"Navy to Assume Control Over Radio Apparatus of Vessels Under United States Jurisdiction." Coast Guard Bulletin I, 32 (Feb 1942), pp. 251-252.

"New Training Program To Meet Needs of Rapidly Expanding Merchant Marine." Coast Guard Bulletin I, 32 (Feb 1942), p. 255.

Pine, James. "The Merchant Marine and the Coast Guard." The Bulletin (Mar 1945), pp. 289-295.

Robinson, Harrison S. "The Merchant Marine and the U.S. Navy." Coast Guard Magazine (Jul 1939), pp. 12-14.

"Rules are Adopted Governing the Anchorage and Movements of Vessels—to be Enforced by Captains of the Port." Coast Guard Bulletin I, 18 (Dec 1940), p. 141.

Stober, Carl H. "Port Security in Operation: Boston." The Bulletin (Apr 1943), pp. 1-5.

"U.S. Coast Guard Wartime Safety Measures for Merchant Marine." The Bulletin (May 1943), pp. 34-38.

"U.S. Merchant Marine Examining Offices Opened in Europe and Africa." Coast Guard Bulletin II, 15 (Sep 1943), pp. 178-179.

"U.S. Uses First Force to Win Bloodless Victory in the Battle of the Atlantic." Life (Apr 14, 1941), pp. 23-27.

Waesche, Russell R. "International Shipping Collaboration." The Bulletin (Nov 1944), pp. 159-162.

________. "Remarks of Admiral Waesche at the Meeting of the Coast Guard Merchant Marine Council." The Bulletin (Nov 1944), pp. 162-164.

"Wartime Explosives Supervision Ends." The Bulletin (Jan 1947), p. 356.

"The Wholesale Seizure of [Axis] Vessels Clears the Decks for a Showdown."  Newsweek  Vol. 17 (Apr 7, 1941), pp. 15-17.

Zollars, Chris E. "The Coast Guard in WWII." Commandant's Bulletin (Jul 1991), pp. 20-21.

Books and Government Publications

Browning, Robert M., Jr. Captains of the Port. Washington: U.S. Coast Guard Historian's Office 1993.

________. U.S. Merchant Vessel Casualties of World War II. Annapolis: NIP, 1996.

Carse, Robert. The Long Haul, The United States Merchant Service in World War II. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, Inc., 1965.

Gibson, Charles. Merchant or Ship of War. A Synopsis of Laws; U.S. State Department Position; and Practices Which Alter the Peaceful Character of U.S. Merchant Vessels in Time of War. Camden, ME: Ensign Press, 1986.

Moore, Arthur R. A Careless Word . . . A Needless Sinking. Kings Point, NY: American Merchant Marine Museum, 1988.

Riesenberg, Felix, Jr. Sea War: The Story of the U.S. Merchant Marine in World War II. New York: Rinehart & Company, Inc., 1956.

Ships of the Esso Fleet in World War II. New York: Standard Oil Company (New Jersey), 1946.

United States Coast Guard. Report on Lifeboat and Liferaft Performance for U.S. Tank Vessels Suffering War Casualties. 1 July 1944. Washington: U.S. Coast Guard, 1 July 1944.

________. Statistical Analysis of 167 Torpedo Hits on 104 U.S. Tankers (Including Tables on British Tanker Casualties) (Does Not Include U.S. Navy or British Admiralty Oilers) Based on Records of the U.S. Coast Guard from 12-20-41 to 7-22-43. Washington: U.S. Coast Guard, Jan 1944.

________. Suggestions Concerning Tank Vessel Operations During Wartime. Washington: GPO, 1945.

________. Merchant Vessel Inspection Division. War Action Casualties involving Merchant Tank Vessels. Washington: Merchant Vessel Inspection Division, U.S. Coast Guard, undated.

________. Summary of Merchant Marine Personnel Casualties, World War II. Washington: GPO, 1 Jul 1950.

________. Operations Division. Research and Statistics Section. The Taking of Italian, German, & Danish Merchant Vessels in Ports of the United States in Protective Custody by the United States Coast Guard. Washington: U.S. Coast Guard, 1942.

________. Statistical Division. Captains of the Port. Washington: Statistical Division, U.S. Coast Guard, 1943.

United States War Shipping Administration. The United States Merchant Marine at War; Report of the War Shipping Administration to the President. Washington: War Shipping Administration, 1946.