Middle Bay Lighthouse

Sept. 17, 2019

Middle Bay Lighthouse (Mobile Bay Lighthouse), offshore from Mobile, Alabama

Screwpile style lighthouse built in 1885.


Station Established: 1885
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1885
Operational: No
Automated: Yes, in 1935
Deactivated: 1967
Foundation Materials: Screw piling with platform
Construction Materials: Wood
Tower Shape: Hexagonal without lantern
Markings/Pattern: White dwelling with red piles
Height: 41'
Relationship to Other Structure: Integral
Original Lens: Fourth Order, 1885
Characteristic: Fixed white varied by a red flash every 30 seconds
Fog Signal: Bell struck by machinery every 5 seconds

Historical Information:

  • The station was activated in 1885.
  • 1916 was a busy year. The keeper's wife gave birth to a baby that summer at the station.  According to the Alabama Lighthouse Association web site the keeper brought a milk cow to the station and corralled it on a section of the lower deck because his wife was unable to nurse the newborn baby.  All had to be evacuated when the station survived but was damaged by a hurricane that year.
  • The light was automated in 1935.
  • Lighthouse was deactivated in 1967.
  • In 1984 the lighthouse was stabilized by Middle Bay Light Centennial Commission in preparation for the centennial celebration.
  • Mobile Middle Bay Lighthouse was placed on National Register of Historic Places in 1985. Reference #74000429
  • In 1996 the Coast Guard loaned the Fresnel lens from the lighthouse to the Ft. Morgan Museum for public display.
  • In 2002 restoration efforts were begun to repair the light.