White Sage, 1947
WAGL / WLM 544; YF-444
Any of various plants of the genus Salvia, especially S. officinalis, having aromatic grayish-green, opposite leaves. Also called ramona.
Builder: Erie Concrete & Steel Supply Company, Erie, Pennsylvania
Commissioned: 1944 (USN); 9 August 1947 (USCG)
Decommissioned: 28 June 1996
Length: 132' 10"
Draft: 8' 9" max
Propulsion: Diesel electric; 2 x 600 bhp Union diesels with twin screws
Complement: 1 warrant, 20 crewmen (1948)
CLASS & DESIGN HISTORY:
White Sage was the former Navy lighter, YF-444. The Coast Guard acquired a total of eight of these former Navy YF-257-class lighters between 1947-1948 for conversion to coastal buoy tenders. They were needed to supplement the larger seagoing buoy tenders which were unable to service short-range-aids-to-navigation placed in coastal waters and harbors.
They were built entirely of steel and were originally designed to carry ammunition and cargo from shore to deep-draft vessels anchored off-shore. These lighters were well suited for a variety of coastal tasks because their hull design incorporated a shallow draft with a solid engineering plant. All of these 133-foot lighters had sufficient cargo space for storing equipment and an open deck and boom for handling large objects. They proved to be capable and useful buoy tenders. Each was named for a plant, shrub or tree, prefixed by "White."
White Sage began her career as YF-444. Her keel was laid at the Erie Concrete & Steel Supply Co., Erie, Pennsylvania, on 28 March 1943. She was launched on 19 June 1943. Her trials were held on Lake Erie on 17 April 1944, and she was placed in service on 20 May 1944. YF-444 and YF-446 departed Erie on 9 May 1994, with YF-640 and YF-641 in tow. Outfitted at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, New York, YF-444 was assigned to the Third Naval District to work in the Naval Ammunition Depot in Earle, New Jersey. After World War II, YF-444 was acquired by the USCG in 1946. The fifth vessel in her class, White Sage was commissioned into the Coast Guard as WAGL 544 on August 9,1947.
According to her Ship's Characteristics Card, dated 21 November 1966, White Sage was 133-6 in overall length, 32 in length between perpendiculars, 30-9 in extreme beam, 12-2 7/8 in depth of hold, 7-2 in draft forward fully loaded, and 5-6 in draft forward with a light load. She is listed as having two masts, the forward mast being 57 tall and the aft 36. The vessel displaced 476 tons and had a maximum speed of 10 knots fully loaded. Her hull, decks, bulkheads, and frames were constructed of steel, while her superstructure was steel and wood.
Auxiliary boats in 1966 included a motor cargo boat, dinghy, and three seven-man rubber lifeboats. In 1966, she had her original diesel engines, which were opposed piston Fairbanks-Morse Diesels built by Union Diesel Engine Company, in Oakland, California. The engines had two propellers, 300 horsepower each, and two auxiliary diesel generators. In 1971, White Sage underwent a major renovation at the U.S. Coast Guard Yard in Curtis Bay, Maryland. Her machinery was modernized in 1975. These modifications brought about many changes, including updated equipment to improve her AtoN capabilities.
Before decommissioning in 1999, White Sage's length, beam, and draft remained the same. The engines in 1999 were Caterpillar D353 Diesel reduction (4 to 1), for each screw. The screws were constant pitch propellers. White Sage and other ships built and later modified at Erie (including White Sumac, White Heath, and White Lupine) had a quiet room for the engine room controls.
White Sage had an oily water separator unique among the ships of the class. In 1999, she still had the original electric engine-augmented shaft-and-cable steering system. She had a chill water air conditioning system (essentially radiators in boxes), which could also use hot water from the hot water boiler in the engine room. Air conditioning for the crews berthing area was requested by the commander of the First District in a 1971 memo.
White Sage had a heavy-duty A-frame boom, which replaced the original single mast, used to handle buoys and anchors. There was a weather deck broken by a topgallant forecastle raised about 4-ft. above the main deck. The open foredeck was surrounded by a partial bulwark and pipe rails. The main deck continued at the same level aft through the superstructure onto the small fantail area, aft of the superstructure.
The superstructure consisted of a single-deck-height house surmounted by a raised pilothouse, and commander's stateroom forward. The engine room casing extended up through the top of the house, topped by skylights, with the funnel amidships forward. Hoses for dewatering pumps were contained in plastic tubing mounted on the centerline above the engine room skylights.
The controls for the boom were located forward of the pilothouse, immediately behind the mainmast and boom. The winches for operation of the cargo boom were located in the forward section of the house. The crew's mess of White Sage was remodeled in the 1980s entirely in stainless steel. Her galley was athwartships aft of the crew's mess. The tables and chairs were replaced by booths. All of the class had new bridges and bridge controls installed, reportedly each unique. Some remnants of original technology remained, however, such as the telephone communication system. White Sage had upside-down "J" shaped davits to starboard, which were hand-operated. A single angle-iron davit was mounted forward of the funnel to port. The hull was longitudinally framed with deep web frames at about 5-ft. intervals.
White Sage was originally homeported in Bristol, Rhode Island, where she primarily serviced aids to navigation in the First Coast Guard District. In 1950, her homeport was changed to Woods Hole, Massachusetts, also located within the First Coast Guard District. In 1988, her homeport was changed back to Bristol.
White Sage was responsible for 275 AtoN from Chatham to Block Island, which included the waters of Nantucket Sound, Buzzards Bay, and Narragansett Bay. She extended her service area out to New Haven, Connecticut, when she took over an additional 160 buoys when the CGC Redwood was placed out of service. White Sage transported freight and vehicles to Coast Guard units in the islands of Nantucket and Cuttyhunk, as well as serviced the lights in Buzzards Bay.
In addition to her AtoN duties, White Sage performed many assists and rescues and sometimes acted as an icebreaker. Notable rescue missions included salvaging a capsized boat near Nantucket Island in 1952; providing assistance following the collision between two motor vessels, Francisville and Luckenback, in July 1959; and assisting the disabled tug, M. Moran, two miles east of Cape Cod Canal on March 4, 1960.
On 29 January 1959, White Sage was requested to clear a passage through the ice to East Greenwich Cove, Rhode Island. Fishing boats were stuck, some damaged and sunk. White Sage routinely cleared channels after severe storms or nor-easters, including Hurricane Bob in 1991, when the eye of the storm passed directly over Woods Hole and disrupted the entire aids-to- navigation system. White Sage was crucial in keeping open shipping lanes on Narragansett Bay during severe ice conditions during the winter of 1993-1994, ensuring delivery of heating oil to homes in the affected area.
White Sage participated as a Command and Control platform in many marine events including the America's Cup regattas. In addition to serving as a platform to provide support for the small patrol craft, she maintained the security zone for the race course. Before retirement, White Sage served as the Command and Control platform for the Patrol Commander for the Quonset, Rhode Island, airshow in 1995. White Sage played an important role in pollution response, assisting in the North Cape oil spill cleanup off Point Judith.
White Sage was decommissioned on 7 June 1996. She was replaced with the first keeper-class 175-foot tender, Ida Lewis. In 1999, White Sage was transferred, along with the White Holly, to the Canvasback Missions, Inc.
Cutter History File. USCG Historian's Office, USCG HQ, Washington, D.C.
Robert Scheina. U.S. Coast Guard Cutters & Craft, 1946-1990. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1990.
U. S. Department of the Interior. National Park Service. U.S. Coast Guard 133-Foot Buoy Tenders. HAER booklet. Washington, DC: National Park Service, February, 2004. [HAER no. DC-57; Todd Croteau, HAER Industrial Archeologist (project leader); Jet Low, HAER Photographer; Mark Porter, NCSHPO Consultant (historian), and Candace Clifford, booklet design.]