Discovery of Historic Cutter

          BEAR  (1874-1963)

 

 

 

U.S. Coast Guard Historian's Office
2703 Martin Luther King, Jr., Ave, SE
Washington, DC 20593-7031


U.S. Coast Guard Museum
Coast Guard Academy - Waesche Hall
15 Mohegan Ave
New London, CT 06320-8100

Contacting us:  U.S.C.G. Historian's Office

Through over five decades of US government service, the venerable vessel BEAR was repeatedly summoned to sail through frontiers and change the course of history for those in its wake. After ten years serving as a private sealer, BEAR was purchased by the US Navy to rescue the survivors of the Adolphus Greely Expedition in 1884, and was the first vessel to locate the remainder of the famine-ravaged party. Transferred to the Revenue Cutter Service and under the command of Captain "Hell-Roaring" Mike Healy, BEAR introduced Siberian reindeer to Alaska in 1891 broadening food resources for native hunters. In 1898, BEAR rescued 265 whaling sailors stuck in the ice north of Point Barrow, Alaska, concluding the historically-overshadowed - Overland Relief Expedition. BEAR also served in both World Wars, and sailed as flagship under command of Navy Adm. Richard E. Byrd in multiple expeditions to Antarctica in between.  This widely voyaging vessel even served center stage on the silver screen adaptation of Jack London’s Sea Wolf in 1930. 

During a chilly northern Atlantic week in June 2021 aboard Coast Guard Cutter SYCAMORE, a NOAA team fortified by representatives of the CG Historian's office, concluded the collaborative 42-year search for the iconic Revenue Cutter, Coast Guard Cutter, and Naval vessel BEAR. By 1963, the screw steamer had returned to private hands for nearly two decades and was being prepared for its final mooring on the Philadelphia waterfront. While being towed from Halifax, Nova Scotia, on March 19, however, the tow cable snapped letting loose the vessel in a galing storm, and it soon came to rest somewhere off the New England coast. Images taken from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s ROV PIXEL provided the evidence positively identifying the bottom-resting wreck as the once indomitable BEAR. Lying keel-up, the aged wooden steamer exposed the tell-tale sign of its identity; the unmistakable repair work on its prow. 

As we salute the team who discovered this historic vessel, we also pay homage to the thousands of enlisted and officers that walked it's decks, making the missions and aspirations of a our nation a reality, whether bringing medical aid to pandemic-ravaged populations in remote Alaska, providing succor to victims of the San Francisco Earthquake of 1905, exploring the then-largely unknown southern continent of Antarctica in the 1930s, or rescuing stationed scientific personnel there on the eve of World War, or plying the waters of the Allies' Greenland Patrol. 

To learn more about the modern search for this historic vessel, explore the stories of the Coast Guard’s historic pride, or discover yet untold stories, please visit the links provided below. 

Four crewman ready for shore duty.
Coast Guardsmen
Coast Guardsmen
Coast Guardsmen
Coast Guardsmen
Coast Guardsmen
Coast Guardsmen of the Telephone Force
Coast Guardsmen of the Telephone Force
CAPE DISAPPOINTMENT, Wash. (Feb. 13, 2003)--The Coast Guard cutter Steadfast is escorted by the four remaining 52-foot motor lifeboats, Intrepid, Invincible II, Triumph II and Victory near Station Cape Disappointment, WA. Feb. 13, 2003. USCG photo by PA3 Kurt Fredrickson
CAPE DISAPPOINTMENT, Wash. (Feb. 13, 2003)--The 52-foot motor lifeboats Intrepid and Triumph II escort the Coast Guard Cutter Steadfast during its return to port. Feb. 13, 2003. USCG photo by PA3 Kurt Fredrickson
Station Pea Island
Station Pea Island
Station Pea Island
Station Pea Island
A photo of Horatio Smith, USRM.
A photo of Horatio Smith, USRM; original taken by J. H. Anderson, Photographer, 267 King Street, Charleston, SC.  Scan-copy provided courtesy of Captain Ron Hoffman, USCG (Ret.).
Coast Guard Combat Photographer Dale Rooks at Toulon, August, 1944
Photo from Normandy Invasion on D-Day, 06 June 1944
A flotilla of Coast Guard landing craft evacuated a battalion of Marines surrounded at Point Cruz, Guadalcanal. For his heroism in this operation, Signalman 1st Class Douglas Munro received the service’s only Medal of Honor. (U.S. Coast Guard)
The Coast Guard Cutter Polar Star's crew enjoys Ice Liberty during their 2022 Operation Deep Freeze deployment.